Maria Alexandrina Timóteo

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1. Adenosine modulates acetylcholine (ACh) release from the rat motor nerve terminals. Tonic activation of presynaptic A1 inhibitory and/or A2A facilitatory adenosine receptors is regulated by the concentration of the nucleoside at the synapse. The parameters (frequency, duration of pulses, train length) of nerve stimulation determine the amount of(More)
The mechanisms underlying improvement of neuromuscular transmission deficits by glucocorticoids are still a matter of debate despite these compounds have been used for decades in the treatment of autoimmune myasthenic syndromes. Besides their immunosuppressive action, corticosteroids may directly facilitate transmitter release during high-frequency motor(More)
In healthy motor endplates, tetanic depression is overcome by tonic adenosine A(2A) -receptor-mediated facilitation of transmitter release. The A(2A) receptor operates a coordinated shift from fast-desensitizing Ca(v) 2.1 (P/Q) calcium influx to long-lasting Ca(V) 1 (L) channels on motor nerve terminals. This study aimed at investigating whether A(2A)(More)
At the rat motor nerve terminals, activation of muscarinic M(1) receptors negatively modulates the activity of inhibitory muscarinic M(2) receptors. The present work was designed to investigate if the negative crosstalk between muscarinic M(1) and M(2) autoreceptors involved endogenous adenosine tonically activating A(1) receptors on phrenic motor nerve(More)
The influence of stimulus pulse duration on calcium mobilization triggering facilitation of evoked [(3)H]acetylcholine ([(3)H]ACh) release by the A(2A) adenosine receptor agonist CGS 21680C was studied in the rat phrenic nerve-hemidiaphragm. The P-type calcium channel blocker omega-agatoxin IVA (100 nM) decreased [(3)H]ACh release evoked with pulses of(More)
The influence of nerve stimulation pattern on transmitter release inhibition by L-citrulline, the co-product of NO biosynthesis by nitric oxide synthase (NOS), was studied in the rat phrenic nerve-hemidiaphragm. We also investigated the putative interactions between NOS pathway and the adenosine system. L-citrulline (10-470 microM), the NOS substrate(More)
Understanding the biological activity profile of the snake venom components is fundamental for improving the treatment of snakebite envenomings and may also contribute for the development of new potential therapeutic agents. In this work, we tested the effects of BthTX-I, a Lys49 PLA(2) homologue from the Bothrops jararacussu snake venom. While this toxin(More)
The influence of rat phrenic nerve stimulation frequency (5-50 Hz) and of pulse duration (0.04-1 ms) on Ca(2+) mobilization triggering [3H]acetylcholine release was investigated. The P-type voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channel (VDCC) blocker, omega-agatoxin IVA (100 nM), decreased [3H]acetylcholine release evoked by pulses of 0. 04-ms duration delivered at 5 Hz(More)
The effect of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) on evoked [(3)H]-acetylcholine ([(3)H]-ACh) release from motor nerve terminals, and its interaction with presynaptic facilitatory A(2A)-adenosine receptors was investigated in the rat phrenic nerve-hemidiaphragms. Facilitation of [(3)H]-ACh release by VIP (100 nM) only becomes apparent when high frequency(More)
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