Maria Alessandra Scarpato

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BACKGROUND It has been argued that lay interviewers' use of fully-structured interviews could lead to a diagnostic pattern different to that by treating physicians. Clinical interviewers in community samples should probably identify cases that are closer to those seen in clinical settings. The greatest advantage of using clinical interviewers consists of(More)
BACKGROUND This paper presents lifetime prevalences and estimated risks of DSM-IV psychiatric disorders from a community survey conducted in Sesto Fiorentino, Italy, using psychiatric interviewers with clinical experience and clinical instruments. METHODS Two thousand five hundred subjects aged 14 or more were randomly selected from the lists of 15(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effectiveness of serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) for anxiety and mood disorders in a naturalistic setting. METHODS 114 of 2,000 outpatients drawn from a private facility with a diagnosis of mood or anxiety disorder had two separate episodes during which they were treated once with a SSRI(More)
The situations in which the first panic attack occurred were investigated in 44 patients affected by panic disorder. Although the first panic attack was reported to be unexpected and no avoidance was present before it, 75.8% of patients (N = 22) with panic disorder with agoraphobia had their first panic attack in phobogenic situations, compared with 20% of(More)
Following the recent debates on the discrepancy between the predominant weight of bipolar disorder (BPD) in the clinical reality and its relatively low prevalence figures emerging from epidemiological surveys, the present paper contends the ability of current operational diagnostic system to properly detect the clinical entity of bipolar disorder.As an(More)
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