Maria Aigner

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Prospective studies addressing the clinical value of broad-range PCR using the internal transcribed spacer region (ITS) for diagnosis of microscopy-negative fungal infections in nonselected patient populations are lacking. We first assessed the diagnostic performance of ITS rRNA gene PCR compared with that of routine microscopic immunofluorescence(More)
Fungal cholangitis is a potentially life-threatening condition. As amphotericin B (AmB) has a broad antimycotic spectrum, in this study its biliary penetration and activity was determined in two patients treated with liposomal AmB (L-AmB) and in one patient receiving AmB colloidal dispersion (ABCD). Biliary and plasma AmB levels were quantified by(More)
OBJECTIVES The broad-spectrum triazole posaconazole showed promising results in preventing invasive fungal infections (IFIs) in high-risk patients. Concerns rise over the relevance of breakthrough IFIs (bIFIs) and the emergence of azole-resistant strains. The current retrospective analysis was undertaken to evaluate the incidence of bIFIs and to study(More)
Candidaemia/invasive candidiasis (C/IC) is the most frequently occurring invasive fungal infection worldwide, with a particularly strong impact and high incidence in the intensive-care unit, where there is a need for new treatment options and strategies. The echinocandin anidulafungin has broad in vitro activity against a wide range of Candida species,(More)
The prevention of breast cancer is increasingly of focus in health-politics policies and has gained a valid position in the area of medical intervention. Data from a current meta-analysis of all four randomised Tamoxifen prevention studies illustrate a reduction of 38 % (Odds ratio 0.62; 95 % CI 0.42-0.89) in the incidence of breast cancer. This observation(More)
Triazole antifungals are frontline drugs for the treatment and prophylaxis of infections due to Aspergillus species. Azole resistance is an emerging problem and is associated with treatment failure in several case series. The management of azole-resistant invasive aspergillosis remains a challenge and there are no guidelines with appropriate(More)
The echinocandins are antifungal agents, which act by inhibiting the synthesis of β-(1,3)-D-glucan, an integral component of fungal cell walls. Caspofungin, the first approved echinocandin, demonstrates good in vitro and in vivo activity against a range of Candida species and is an alternative therapy for Aspergillus infections. Caspofungin provides an(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive fungal diseases (IFD) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients, and early diagnosis and management are a challenge. We evaluated the clinical utility of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous lung biopsies in diagnosing IFD. METHODS Between 2003 and 2014, we analyzed 2671 CT-guided lung(More)
Candida species were tested for susceptibility to caspofungin, anidulafungin, and micafungin in order to evaluate the roles of Etest and Sensititre YeastOne in antifungal susceptibility testing for daily routines and to survey resistance. A total of 104 Candida species isolates detected from blood cultures were investigated. With EUCAST broth microdilution(More)