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  • S M Snell, M A Marini
  • 1988
Using a millimolar absorptivity of 7.12 +/- 0.09 at 523 nm, it is possible to estimate the total concentration of hemoglobin in solutions containing oxyhemoglobin, deoxyhemoglobin and methemoglobin in any combination. This estimate is independent of the pH in the range 6.0-10.0 and will provide concentrations comparable to that obtained by the conventional(More)
The Thamnophilus punctatus complex has been recently reviewed on the basis of morphological and vocal characters, and is divided in six different species. Two of the new species, although well defined on the basis of morphological differences, could not be unambiguously distinguished through their loud songs. The Planalto Slaty-antshrike (Thamnophilus(More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated whether cardiometabolic risk profiles differ for subjects identified as having prediabetes by A1C, fasting glucose (FPG), or 2-h postchallenge glucose (2-PG) criteria. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Atherosclerosis risk factors, oral glucose tolerance test, and ultrasound measurement of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) were(More)
Insulin/IGF-I hybrid receptors composed of an insulin receptor (IR) alphabeta-hemireceptor and a type 1 IGF receptor (IGF-IR) alphabeta-hemireceptor are formed in tissues expressing both molecules. To date there is a limited information about the proportion of hybrids in tissues of normal or diabetic subjects. In this study, we determined the abundance of(More)
OBJECTIVE The C-174G promoter polymorphism of the interleukin (IL)-6 gene was found to influence transcriptional activity and plasma IL-6 levels in humans. We addressed the question of whether the C-174G IL-6 polymorphism contributes to variation of insulin sensitivity. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Two cohorts of subjects were genotyped. Cohort 1 includes(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether insulin resistance is independently associated with early manifestations of atherosclerosis. To this end, 176 normotensive offspring of type 2 diabetic patients were subjected to euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp to assess insulin sensitivity. Early atherosclerosis was studied by ultrasonography of the common(More)
OBJECTIVE In humans, it is unclear if insulin resistance at the monocyte level is associated with atherosclerosis in vivo. Here we have studied first-degree relatives of patients with type 2 diabetes to investigate whether a reduction in components of the insulin signal transduction pathways, such as the insulin receptor (InsR) or InsR substrate 1 or 2(More)
OBJECTIVE — The aim of this study was to investigate whether diabetic patients carrying the Arg 972 insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) variant are at increased risk for secondary failure to sulfonylurea. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS — A total of 477 unrelated Caucasian type 2 diabetic patients were recruited according to the following criteria: onset of(More)
OBJECTIVE Individuals with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), whose 1-h postload plasma glucose is ≥155 mg/dL (NGT 1h-high), have an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this study was to characterize their metabolic phenotype. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 305 nondiabetic offspring of type 2 diabetic patients was consecutively(More)
BACKGROUND A meta-analysis of genome-wide data reported the discovery of the rs35767 polymorphism near IGF1 with genome-wide significant association with fasting insulin levels. However, it is unclear whether the effects of this polymorphism on fasting insulin are mediated by a reduced insulin sensitivity or impaired insulin clearance. We investigated the(More)