Learn More
The IgG from a patient (Italy 2 [I2]) with hypoglycemia, due to autoantibodies to the insulin receptor, was purified on protein A Sepharose into two fractions that were tested in various human tissues and cells. The IgG fraction that bound protein A (absorbed IgG [IgGa]) nearly completely inhibited the binding of 125I-labeled insulin to various cells or(More)
It was reported that the common -866G/A polymorphism in the promoter of the human uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) gene, which enhances its trascriptional activity, is associated with increased mRNA levels in human adipocytes and reduced risk of obesity. Studies in knockout mice and beta-cells indicate that UCP2 may play a role in beta-cell function. In this(More)
Uncoupling protein (UCP)-2 is a member of the mitochondrial inner membrane carriers that uncouple pro-ton entry in the mitochondrial matrix from ATP synthesis. The -866G/A polymorphism in the UCP2 gene, which enhances its transcriptional activity, was associated with enhanced risk for type 2 diabetes in obese subjects. We addressed the question of whether(More)
OBJECTIVE In recent genome-wide association studies, two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) near the HHEX locus were shown to be more frequent in type 2 diabetic patients than in control subjects. Based on HHEX's function during embryonic development of the ventral pancreas in mice, we investigated whether these SNPs affect beta-cell function in humans.(More)
Conflicting results have been reported regarding whether the PPARgamma2 Pro12Ala polymorphism plays a role in the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), suggesting genetic heterogeneity. To investigate this issue, a meta-analysis of 41 published and 2 unpublished studies (a total of 42,910 subjects) was conducted. Ala12 carriers had a 19% T2D risk reduction, but(More)
BACKGROUND While the relationship between impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and circulating interleukin-6 (IL-6) is well established, there is no information whether IL-6 levels are elevated in impaired fasting glucose (IFG). METHODS To this end, we examined the relationship between plasma IL-6 concentration and different degrees of glucose homeostasis in(More)
OBJECTIVE The C-174G promoter polymorphism of the interleukin (IL)-6 gene was found to influence transcriptional activity and plasma IL-6 levels in humans. We addressed the question of whether the C-174G IL-6 polymorphism contributes to variation of insulin sensitivity. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Two cohorts of subjects were genotyped. Cohort 1 includes(More)
The human insulin receptor gene is expressed in two variant isoforms which differ by the absence (HIR-A) or presence (HIR-B) of 12 amino acids in the COOH-terminus of the extracellular alpha-subunit as a consequence of alternative splicing of exon 11. Expression of the two variant isoforms is regulated in a tissue-specific manner. In this study, we have(More)
OBJECTIVE We studied the relationships between plasma IGF-I concentrations and insulin sensitivity in subjects with various degrees of glucose tolerance. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 357 nondiabetic subjects, 54 subjects with impaired glucose tolerance and 98 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic subjects, were consecutively recruited, and(More)
The insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) gene has been considered a candidate for insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and coronary artery disease. To investigate the relationship between the common Gly(972)Arg IRS-1 variant and the presence of cardiovascular risk factors, 153 glucose-tolerant, unrelated offspring of type 2 diabetic patients were studied.(More)