Maria A. Rupnick

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BACKGROUND Sunitinib, a multitargeted tyrosine-kinase inhibitor, which is approved by both US and European Commission regulatory agencies for clinical use, extends survival of patients with metastatic renal-cell carcinoma and gastrointestinal stromal tumours, but concerns have arisen about its cardiac safety. We therefore assessed the cardiovascular risk(More)
Cardiac tissue engineering has been motivated by the need to create functional tissue equivalents for scientific studies and cardiac tissue repair. We previously demonstrated that contractile cardiac cell-polymer constructs can be cultivated using isolated cells, 3-dimensional scaffolds, and bioreactors. In the present work, we examined the effects of (1)(More)
Tumor growth is angiogenesis dependent. We hypothesized that nonneoplastic tissue growth also depends on neovascularization. We chose adipose tissue as an experimental system because of its remodeling capacity. Mice from different obesity models received anti-angiogenic agents. Treatment resulted in dose-dependent, reversible weight reduction and adipose(More)
Cardiac muscle with a certain threshold thickness, uniformity of tissue architecture, and functionality would expand the therapeutic options currently available to patients with congenital or acquired cardiac defects. Cardiac constructs cultured in well-mixed medium had an approximately 100-microm-thick peripheral tissue-like region around a relatively(More)
Tumour growth is angiogenesis-dependent; brain tumours have more intense neovascularisation than other tumours and produce basic fibroblast growth factor, a potent angiogenic mediator. Because little is known about the release of basic fibroblast growth factor from brain tumours into extracellular fluids, we tested cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from 26 children(More)
We report that human embryonic stem cells contain a population of vascular progenitor cells that have the ability to differentiate into endothelial-like and smooth muscle (SM)-like cells. Vascular progenitor cells were isolated from EBs grown in suspension for 10 days and were characterized by expression of the endothelial/hematopoietic marker CD34 (CD34+(More)
The three-dimensional architecture of the nascent microvascular network is a critical determinant of vascular perfusion in the setting of regenerative growth, vasculopathies and cancer. Current methods for microvessel visualization are limited by insufficient penetration and instability of endothelial immunolabels, inadequate vascular perfusion by the(More)
Cardiac myocyte loss, regardless of insult, can trigger compensatory myocardial remodeling leading to heart failure. Identifying mediators of cardiac myocyte survival may advance clinical efforts toward myocardial preservation. Angiopoietin-1 limits ischemia-induced cardiac injury. This benefit is ascribed to angiogenesis because the receptor, tie2, is(More)
Concentration gradients associated with the in vitro cultivation of engineered tissues that are vascularized in vivo result in the formation of only a thin peripheral tissue-like region (e.g., approximately 100 microm for engineered cardiac muscle) around a relatively cell-free interior. We previously demonstrated that diffusional gradients within(More)
Diversity exists in both the structure and function of the endothelial cells (EC) that comprise the microvasculature of different organs. Studies of EC have been aided by our ability to first isolate and subsequently establish cultures from microvascularized tissue. After the isolation of microvessel endothelial cells (MEC) derived from rat cerebrum, we(More)