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The investigation was carried out in 8-year-old Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. latifolia Engelm.) plantations on post-mining area, Northeast Estonia. The aim of the study was to assess the suitability of lodgepole pine for restoration of degraded lands by comparing the growth, biomass, and nutrient concentration of(More)
Ecosystems on dunes are influenced by critical environmental factors (mineral nutrients, water deficiency, etc.) considered decisive for their existence. The present paper is based on studies carried out on dunes on the coastal area of the Baltic Sea, southwest Estonia. The nature of forest ecosystems on dunes was studied from the aspects of chemical(More)
Six cases of vertical root fractures accompanied by vertical bone loss are presented. Possible causes for these fractures are suggested. Four vertical fractures probably resulted from the use of excessive pressure at the time of obturation of the canals. One vertical root fracture may have been caused by the cementation of a post, and another may have been(More)