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Chemokines direct tissue invasion by specific leukocyte populations. Thus, chemokines may play a role in multiple sclerosis (MS), an idiopathic disorder in which the central nervous system (CNS) inflammatory reaction is largely restricted to mononuclear phagocytes and T cells. We asked whether specific chemokines were expressed in the CNS during acute(More)
Mononuclear leukocytes preferentially accumulate in the central nervous system (CNS) during the course of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). To address factors that govern leukocyte trafficking in EAE, we monitored expression of mRNAs encoding IP-10 and JE/MCP-1, which are members of a family of chemoattractant cytokines. A transient burst of(More)
Chemokines, (chemotactic cytokines) are a family of regulatory molecules involved in modulating inflammatory responses. Here we demonstrate that the chemokine growth-regulated oncogene-alpha (GRO-alpha) is a potent promoter of oligodendrocyte precursor proliferation. The proliferative response of immature spinal cord oligodendrocyte precursors to their(More)
By 24 h after mechanical trauma to the cerebral cortex, astroglial reaction begins and injury sites are infiltrated by activated mononuclear phagocytes derived from blood-borne monocytes and endogenous microglia. There is little information about cellular interactions between astrocytes and leukocytes during this process. We previously showed that murine(More)
Chemokines are secreted peptides that exhibit selective chemoattractant properties for target leukocytes. Two subfamilies, alpha- and beta-chemokines, have been described, based on structural, genetic, and functional considerations. In acute experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), chemokines are up-regulated systemically and in central nervous(More)
Following traumatic injury to the spinal cord, hematogenous inflammatory cells including neutrophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes infiltrate the lesion in a distinct temporal sequence. To examine potential mechanisms for their recruitment, we measured chemokine mRNAs in the contused rat spinal cord, using specific and sensitive reverse transcriptase(More)
Inflammatory cell recruitment to the central nervous system (CNS) is a cardinal feature of physiological and pathological processes, including multiple sclerosis (MS). Despite recent progress, the soluble signals that attract inflammatory cells from the vascular compartment into the CNS parenchyma remain obscure. We favor the hypothesis that chemoattractant(More)
Central nervous system (CNS) expression of two chemokine mRNAs, encoding monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and IFN-gamma-inducible protein (IP-10), was previously shown to be closely related to the onset of clinical signs of murine experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Chemokine mRNAs accumulated in a striking, transient burst within(More)
Hematogenous leukocytes infiltrate the CNS after inflammatory stimuli, including infection, mechanical trauma and excitotoxic neuronal necrosis. However,the role of leukocytic inflammation in promoting or hindering tissue repair is poorly understood. Identification of signals that lead to leukocyte recruitment and activation is essential for the designing(More)
This article focuses on the production of chemokines by resident glial cells of the nervous system. We describe studies in two distinct categories of inflammation within the nervous system: immune-mediated inflammation as seen in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) or multiple sclerosis (MS) and post-traumatic inflammation. We provide evidence(More)