School-to-work patterns and issues are discussed for seven economies (France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden, UK and US). The emphasis is placed on differences across countries in both the current labour market position of young people and recent trends therein, along with the institutions that regulate youth education, training and employment. The… (More)
The paper explains the evolution of India's software industry since its origination in 1974. Unlike the offshored software outsourcing industries of Ireland and Israel, in which multinationals started the industry, in India, local conglomerates began the industry by sending programmers to clients' sites overseas. We argue that these outcomes were due to… (More)
Forthcoming In Ctuistel Lane and Rclnhard Backmann (eds.) Trust Within and Between Orgmi:anotu Oxford Univcrsl ty I%css. Does Trust improve Business Performance? hlarl sako Dots trust buslncss \vhcre Lhc. mpro~c business performance? And f so, how can trust be created In rc IS none? These are [he two quest]ons \vhich this chapter addresses. The mam aim of… (More)
In this paper we investigate the motives of high-tech acquirers by analysing their revealed preferences in terms of the high-tech companies they acquire. Using a large sample of acquisitions involving publicly traded firms from various countries we ask whether high technology acquisitions are best understood in terms of acquirers seeking to source… (More)
1 The authors gratefully acknowledge funding by the International Motor Vehicle Program. Whilst this paper is largely conceptual, it incorporates insights gained through interviews carried out at OEMs and module suppliers in Europe. We wish to thank all those who gave generously of their time in answering our questions.
interviewees at the three automakers and suppliers who gave generously of their time. I also appreciate the comments of many colleagues, in particular those of Bill Lazonick, and the anonymous referees of this journal.
Choosing between outsourcing and shared services has significant implications for long-term corporate strategy.
This paper analyzes the structure and functions of suppliers' associations (kyoryokukai) in the automobile industry in Japan. The bilateral assembler-supplier relationship has received much attention recently as a source of Japanese industrial competitiveness. However, this paper argues that the hitherto neglected area of inter-supplier coordination in… (More)
* The thoughts for this paper gained clarity through many discussions with numerous people. I am thankful for helpful comments on my work on product architectures from errors and viewpoints taken in this paper remain my own. Research support from the Materials Systems Laboratory (MSL) and the International Motor Vehicle Program (IMVP) at MIT is gratefully… (More)