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School-to-work patterns and issues are discussed for seven economies (France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden, UK and US). The emphasis is placed on differences across countries in both the current labour market position of young people and recent trends therein, along with the institutions that regulate youth education, training and employment. The(More)
Forthcoming In Ctuistel Lane and Rclnhard Backmann (eds.) Trust Within and Between Orgmi:anotu Oxford Univcrsl ty I%css. Does Trust improve Business Performance? hlarl sako Dots trust buslncss \vhcre Lhc. mpro~c business performance? And f so, how can trust be created In rc IS none? These are [he two quest]ons \vhich this chapter addresses. The mam aim of(More)
The paper explains the evolution of India's software industry since its origination in 1974. Unlike the offshored software outsourcing industries of Ireland and Israel, in which multinationals started the industry, in India, local conglomerates began the industry by sending programmers to clients' sites overseas. We argue that these outcomes were due to(More)
In this paper we investigate the motives of high-tech acquirers by analysing their revealed preferences in terms of the high-tech companies they acquire. Using a large sample of acquisitions involving publicly traded firms from various countries we ask whether high technology acquisitions are best understood in terms of acquirers seeking to source(More)
This paper analyzes the structure and functions of suppliers' associations (kyoryokukai) in the automobile industry in Japan. The bilateral assembler-supplier relationship has received much attention recently as a source of Japanese industrial competitiveness. However, this paper argues that the hitherto neglected area of inter-supplier coordination in(More)
Alfred Chandler attributed the rise of the vertically integrated corporation in the twentieth century to improvements in transportation and communication. In contrast, many have argued that further advances in transportation and communication have made vertical integration obsolete in recent years, replacing it with modularity, outsourcing, and networking.(More)
This paper analyses data from surveys of 1400 first-tier automotive suppliers in Europe, the United States and Japan, conducted as part of MIT's International Motor Vehicle Program. The paper shows that the nature of supplier relations in the three regions is converging in some respects towards closely-linked voice relationships. The diffusion of voice(More)