Mari Nerhus

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AIM The aim of the study was to explore if patients with migration and/or ethnic minority background have longer duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) than patients from the reference population, and in case to what extent this was best explained by ethnic minority status or migration background, including age at migration. METHODS Four hundred sixty-two(More)
Dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is suggested as a pathophysiological factor in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Increased clearance of cortisol was recently indicated as a component in the HPA axis hyperdrive. The aim of the present study was to test the model of increased cortisol metabolism in a new replication sample(More)
Vitamin D deficiency is common among patients with psychotic disorders and could be due to unknown disease mechanisms or contingent factors. However most studies are performed in chronic patients and have often failed to address the influence of ethnicity on vitamin D levels in clinical samples. We investigated serum concentrations of 25-hydroxy vitamin D(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation and immune activation have been implicated in the pathophysiology of severe mental disorders. Previous studies of inflammatory markers, however, have been limited with somewhat inconsistent results. AIMS We aimed to determine the effect sizes of inflammatory marker alterations across diagnostic groups of the psychosis continuum and(More)
BACKGROUND Ethnic minority status and childhood trauma are established risk factors for psychotic disorders. Both are found to be associated with increased level of positive symptoms, in particular auditory hallucinations. Our main aim was to investigate the experience and effect of childhood trauma in patients with psychosis from ethnic minorities,(More)
BACKGROUND Oxytocin has been proposed to mediate amygdala dysfunction associated with altered emotion processing in schizophrenia, but the contribution of oxytocin pathway genes is yet to be investigated. AIMS To identify potential different contributions of three oxytocin receptor polymorphisms (rs53576, rs237902 and rs2254298) between patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES Antipsychotics are effective in treating psychosis and mood episodes; however, the effect on cognition is less known. We investigated the association between serum levels of second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) and cognitive performance in psychosis spectrum disorders in a naturalistic setting. METHODS A total of 495 patients with a DSM-IV(More)
Cognitive impairment is a core feature of psychosis spectrum disorders. Antipsychotics have at best small positive effects on cognitive performance. There is a lack of knowledge regarding the effects of antidepressants on cognitive functioning in these disorders. In the present study cognitive performance was investigated in relation to serum levels of(More)
BACKGROUND There are indications that low S-25(OH)D is associated with increased disease severity in psychotic disorder. Our first aim was to investigate the relations between low S-25(OH)D and positive, negative and depressive symptoms. Our second aim was to explore if associations between S-25(OH)D and symptoms were influenced by levels of inflammatory(More)
Heart rate variability (HRV) has become central to biobehavioral models of self-regulation and interpersonal interaction. While research on healthy populations suggests changes in respiratory frequency do not affect short-term HRV, thus negating the need to include respiratory frequency as a HRV covariate, the nature of the relationship between these two(More)