Mari Nakamura

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BACKGROUND Reports from various geographic regions indicate that the prevalence of community-acquired methicillin-resistant (MRSA) infection is increasing. The primary reservoir is the anterior nares; nasal carriage is a risk factor for infection in a variety of populations. Little is known about MRSA nasal carriage rates among children in Nashville, TN and(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), derived from Gram-negative bacteria, is a major cause of acute lung injury and respiratory distress syndrome. Pulmonary surfactant is secreted as a complex mixture of lipids and proteins onto the alveolar surface of the lung. Surfactant phospholipids are essential in reducing surface tension at the air-liquid interface and(More)
IMPORTANCE Readmission rates are used as an indicator of the quality of care that patients receive during a hospital admission and after discharge. OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of pediatric readmissions and the magnitude of variation in pediatric readmission rates across hospitals. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS We analyzed 568,845 admissions at(More)
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is an extracellular pathogen, residing on mucosal surfaces of the respiratory and genital tracts. The lack of cell walls in mycoplasmas facilitates the direct contact of the bacterial membrane with the host cell. The cell membrane of mycoplasma is the major inducer of the host pathogenic response. Airway diseases caused by M.(More)
Laboratory studies have shown that angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) can affect extracellular matrix (ECM) metabolism and thereby have a beneficial effect on vascular remodeling. The aim of this study was to examine the clinical effects of the ARB candesartan cilexetil on serum markers of synthesis and degradation of ECM, as well as their relation to(More)
Eighty-eight patients consecutively admitted to an alcohol treatment program were studied to determine the amount of depressive symptoms on entry to the program and after 4 weeks of treatment. The degree of symptoms was in turn related to various aspects of their drinking behavior. Twenty-two of the patients were classified as having moderate to marked(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) and clinical functionalities, involvement in health information exchange, and barriers to and facilitators of adoption among children's hospitals in the United States. DESIGN Survey presented as an information technology supplement to the American Hospital Association's annual member survey.(More)
To survive in a host environment, microbial pathogens must sense local conditions, including nutrient availability, and adjust their growth state and virulence functions accordingly. No comprehensive investigation of growth phase-related gene regulation in Bordetella pertussis has been reported previously. We characterized changes in genome-wide transcript(More)
Policy-makers require information on the potential benefits of and economic case for pneumococcal conjugate vaccination in middle-income countries. We built decision analysis models to evaluate a three-dose infant series of the 7-, 10- or 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in 77 middle-income countries compared with no vaccination, accounting for(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Oxidized HDL (oxHDL) may behave as proinflammatory HDL because of reduced anti-inflammatory capacity and is considered a risk factor for mortality in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). The study presented here assessed the effect of oxHDL on protein-energy wasting (PEW) in MHD patients. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, &(More)