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Root hydraulic conductivity (Lp(r)) and aquaporin amounts change diurnally. Previously, these changes were considered to be spontaneously driven by a circadian rhythm. Here, we evaluated the new hypothesis that diurnal changes could be triggered and enhanced by transpirational demand from shoots. When rice plants were grown under a 12h light/12h dark(More)
The effects of low air humidity and low root temperature (LRT) on water uptake, growth and aquaporin gene expression were investigated in rice plants. The daily transpiration of the plants grown at low humidity was 1.5- to 2-fold higher than that at high humidity. LRT at 13°C reduced transpiration, and the extent was larger at lower humidity. LRT also(More)
The role of root temperature T(R) in regulating the water-uptake capability of rice roots and the possible relationship with aquaporins were investigated. The root hydraulic conductivity Lp(r) decreased with decreasing T(R) in a measured temperature range between 10 degrees C and 35 degrees C. A single break point (T(RC) = 15 degrees C) was detected in the(More)
Cold acclimation process plays a vital role in the survival of chilling- and freezing-tolerant plants subjected to cold temperature stress. However, it remains elusive whether a cold acclimation process enhances root water uptake (a component of chilling tolerance) in chilling-sensitive crops such as rice. By analyzing the root hydraulic conductivity under(More)
Intra- and transcellular water movements in plants are regulated by the water permeability of the plasma membrane (PM) and vacuolar membrane (VM) in plant cells. In the present study, we investigated the osmotic water permeability of both PM (P ( f1)) and VM (P ( f2)), as well as the bulk osmotic water permeability of a protoplast (P ( f(bulk))) isolated(More)
Nitrogen (N) availability affects water uptake from the roots, which decreases upon N deprivation and increases upon resupply. The aim of this study was to reveal possible mechanisms of regulation of water transport in roots through physiological and morphological adaptations to N availability. The effects of continuous N deprivation and following resupply(More)
Rapid growth of the submerged shoots of deepwater rice is essential for survival during the rainy season. We investigated changes in the expression of vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase), H(+)-pyrophosphatase (V-PPase), and aquaporins under submerged conditions. The amounts of vacuolar proton pumps, which support the active transport of ions into the vacuoles,(More)
Water permeability of the plasma membrane (PM) and the vacuolar membrane (VM) is important for intracellular and transcellular water movement in plants, because mature plant cells have large central vacuoles. We have developed a new method for measuring the osmotic water permeability of the PM and VM (P ( f1) and P ( f2), respectively) in individual plant(More)
During rice grain filling, grain moisture content and weight show dynamic changes. We focused on the expression of all 33 rice aquaporins in developing grains. Only two aquaporin genes, OsPIP2;1 and OsTIP3;1, were highly expressed in the period 10-25 days after heading (DAH). High-temperature treatment from 7 to 21 DAH abolished the dynamic up-regulation of(More)
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