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Both anatase and rutile are well-known as stable phases of TiO(2). In real-life samples, TiO(2) is most likely to be a mixture of those phases rather than pure anatase and rutile, and therefore quantitative analysis is extremely important. It is basically possible to determine the average ratio by X-ray diffraction (XRD) using differences in the crystal(More)
For the chemical speciation of binary compounds of tri- and tetravalent titanium, high-resolution X-ray absorption and emission spectra were recorded in different energy regimes in order to evaluate and to qualify both near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS or XANES) spectroscopy and wavelength-dispersive X-ray emission spectroscopy (WDXES) as(More)
Foodborne illness presents a public health challenge in USA. There is an urgent need for the federal government and food industries to expand efforts to prevent any food contamination that potentially could be harmful to human health. The Food Safety Laboratory (FSL), ARS, USDA, is one of the leading laboratories for the development of optoelec-tronic(More)
Gabbroic rocks were collected at Mount Tsukuba in Japan, and their XAFS images were studied using a projection-type X-ray fluorescence (XRF) microscope, which is a powerful new tool recently developed for extremely rapid imaging. The instrument employs a grazing-incidence arrangement in order that primary X-rays illuminate the whole sample surface, as well(More)
We report here a novel technique of surface imaging by X-ray reflection tomography utilizing an ordinary laboratory X-ray source. The technique utilizes the line projection, at different rotation angles, of the reflected beam from a highly reflecting patterned sample at grazing incidence. Filtered back-projection algorithm is applied to the line projection(More)
X-ray fluorescence analysis is a highly useful technique for determining the chemical composition of matter. The present article describes the successful development of a wavelength-dispersive x-ray fluorescence spectrometer for a fairly high-energy range, 30-60 keV, that can contribute to studying lanthanides' Kbeta spectra with high-energy resolution. By(More)
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