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The distribution of Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex (MAC) in residences was examined. MAC was only recovered from bathrooms but not from other sites of residences. The appearance ratio in the bathrooms of patients with pulmonary MAC was significantly higher than that in healthy volunteers' bathrooms (P=.01). For 2 patients, the genotypes of(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary cachexia is common in advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), culminating in exercise intolerance and a poor prognosis. Ghrelin is a novel growth hormone (GH)-releasing peptide with GH-independent effects. The efficacy and safety of adding ghrelin to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in cachectic COPD patients were(More)
The causes of both exertional pulmonary hypertension and pulmonary hypertension in general in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remain to be elucidated. To further understand the pathophysiology in COPD patients, it may be important to recognize the existence of exertional pulmonary hypertension and to determine the severity of exertional(More)
Human airway trypsin-like protease (HAT) was isolated from airway secretions and localized to bronchial epithelial cells by immunohistochemistry. In the present study, we examined whether HAT could stimulate DNA synthesis and proliferation of primary human bronchial fibroblasts (HBF). HAT significantly stimulated the proliferation of HBF by 20-55%, a level(More)
We describe a case of infective endocarditis caused by Campylobacter fetus accompanied by pulmonary emboli. A 52-year-old man was referred to our hospital due to febrile temperatures with a history of dental treatment followed by eating raw meat. Computed tomography revealed multiple infiltrations and a nodule with low attenuation area and feeding vessels.(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this substudy of the ghrelin treatment, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was to investigate the effects of ghrelin administration on exercise capacity and the underlying mechanisms in underweight patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) using cardiopulmonary exercise testing. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Exertional dyspnoea limits patients with IPF in their activities of daily living. The mechanism, however, has not been elucidated. This study tested the hypothesis in IPF that exertional dyspnoea correlates with cardiopulmonary exercise responses, specifically changes in arterial blood pH and plasma norepinephrine (NE). METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The results of studies on the oxygen response in patients with COPD should provide important clues to the pathophysiology of exertional dyspnoea. We investigated the exercise responses to hyperoxia in relation to dyspnoea profile, as well as cardiopulmonary, acidotic and sympathetic parameters in 35 patients with stable COPD (mean(More)
TAKE-HOME SUMMARY Personalized pulmonary rehabilitation including occupational therapy improves the prognosis of patients with advanced COPD. PURPOSE We previously reported that patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exhibit three exercise-induced life-threatening conditions: hypoxemia, sympathetic overactivity, and respiratory(More)
The survival rate of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with severely reduced exercise capacity is extremely low. We recently identified three life-threatening pathophysiological conditions during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET): (1) exercise-induced hypoxemia, (2) sympathetic overactivity, and (3) progressive respiratory acidosis(More)