Learn More
The markers of oxidative stress and inflammation were studied in acute pancreatitis in transgenic rats exhibiting activated polyamine catabolism. In addition, the effect of bismethylspermine (Me2Spm) pretreatment, preventing pancreatitis in this model, on these mediators was investigated. Lipid peroxidation was increased at 6 and 24 h after induction of(More)
Acute pancreatitis is an autodigestive disease, in which the pancreatic tissue is damaged by the digestive enzymes produced by the acinar cells. Among the tissues in the mammalian body, pancreas has the highest concentration of the natural polyamine, spermidine. We have found that pancreas is very sensitive to acute decreases in the concentrations of the(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-B is poorly angiogenic but prominently expressed in metabolically highly active tissues, including the heart. We produced mice expressing a cardiac-specific VEGF-B transgene via the alpha-myosin heavy chain promoter. Surprisingly, the hearts of the VEGF-B transgenic mice showed concentric cardiac hypertrophy without(More)
BACKGROUND Lack of suitable mouse models has hindered the studying of diabetic macrovascular complications. We examined the effects of type 2 diabetes on coronary artery disease and cardiac function in hypercholesterolemic low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient apolipoprotein B100-only mice (LDLR-/-ApoB100/100). METHODS AND RESULTS 18-month-old(More)
Mechanisms of the transition from compensatory hypertrophy to heart failure are poorly understood and the roles of vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) in this process have not been fully clarified. We determined the expression profile of VEGFs and relevant receptors during the progression of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). C57BL mice were(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular patients suffer from reduced blood flow leading to ischaemia and impaired tissue metabolism. Unfortunately, an increasing group of elderly patients cannot be treated with current revascularization methods. Thus, new treatment strategies are urgently needed. Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) upregulate the expression of angiogenic(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Polyamines are essential to survival, growth, and proliferation of mammalian cells. Previous studies have suggested that the pancreatic polyamine levels may change in acute pancreatitis. In this study, the changes of polyamine levels in the pancreas have been studied with respect to the severity of pancreatitis. We investigated whether there(More)
Depletion of pancreatic intracellular polyamine pools has been observed in acute pancreatitis both in the animal models and in humans. In this study, the wild-type mice, polyamine catabolic enzyme spermidine/spermine N 1-acetyltransferase overexpressing (SSAT mice) and SSAT-deficient mice were used to characterize the new zinc-induced acute pancreatitis(More)
AIMS Vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) and their receptors (VEGF-Rs) are among the most powerful factors regulating vascular growth. However, it has remained unknown whether stimulation of VEGF-R1, VEGF-R2 or both of the receptors produces the best angiogenic responses in myocardium. The aim of this study was to compare the VEGF-R1-specific ligand(More)
Longitudinal relaxation time in the rotating frame (T1ρ) was measured using continuous wave irradiation in normal and infarcted mouse myocardium in vivo. Significant increase in T1ρ was found after 7 days of infarction when compared with reference myocardium or in myocardium before infarction. Cine MRI and histology were performed to verify the severity of(More)