Mari Lukkarinen

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Two patients with lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI) had near-fatal generalized varicella infection with severe interstitial pneumonitis, hepatitis, decreased platelet count, bleeding and hypoalbuminaemia. Active haemolysis resulted in anaemia and massive haemoglobinuria. Serum lactate dehydrogenase activity and ferritin concentration, which in patients(More)
Lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by defective transport of cationic amino acids and by hyperammonemia. Linkage analysis in 20 Finnish LPI families assigned the LPI gene locus to the proximal long arm of chromosome 14. Recombinations placed the locus between framework markers D14S72 and MYH7, a 10-cM(More)
Poor intestinal absorption and excessive renal loss of dibasic amino acids result in low plasma concentrations in patients with lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI). Arginine and ornithine deficiency impair the function of the urea cycle and cause hyperammonemia after protein intake, while chronic lysine deficiency may cause growth failure and lead to(More)
Lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI) is characterized by defective cellular transport of the dibasic amino acids, secondary dysfunction of the urea cycle, aversion to dietary protein, failure to thrive, hepatosplenomegaly and osteoporosis. Because several patients have suffered from recurrent respiratory infections and/or severe generalized varicella, and a(More)
In lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI), intestinal absorption and renal tubular reabsorption of arginine, ornithine, and lysine are impaired due to a defective cationic amino acid transporter. Deficiency of arginine and ornithine restricts the function of the urea cycle, leading to hyperammonemia after protein load, and to strong protein aversion. Mealtime(More)
Lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI) is a recessively inherited amino acid disorder characterized by defective efflux of cationic amino acids at the basolateral membrane of the intestinal and renal tubular epithelium. Recently, cDNAs encoding the related proteins hCAT-2A and hCAT-2B have been cloned. These two carrier proteins are most likely the product of(More)
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