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Caveolae are membrane invaginations present in a variety of cell types. Formation of caveolae depends on caveolins and on the more recently discovered family of proteins known as the cavins. Genetic ablation of caveolin-1 was previously shown to give rise to a number of urogenital alterations, but the effects of cavin-1 deletion on urogenital function(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the role of M(2) and M(3) muscarinic receptor subtypes, sources of activator Ca(2+), and mechanisms involved in increased force oscillations in muscarinic contractions in the bladders of newborn and adult mice, as in the adult bladder muscarinic M(3) receptors are considered to mediate the main part of bladder contraction, and this has(More)
Huntington's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that also gives raise to widespread changes in peripheral organs and tissues. We tested the hypothesis that vascular dysfunction may occur in Huntington's disease by studying R6/1 mice which express exon 1 of the mutant huntingtin gene. We assessed arterial function in R6/1 and wild type (WT) mice using(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Caveolin-1-deficiency is associated with substantial urogenital alterations. Here, a mechanical, histological and biochemical characterization of female detrusors from wild-type and caveolin-1-deficient (KO) mice was made to increase the understanding of detrusor changes caused by lack of caveolae. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH(More)
Mice with allergically inflamed airways are widely used as animal models of asthma, but their relevance for human asthma is not understood. We, therefore, examined the time course of changes in respiratory input impedance during induced bronchoconstriction in BALB/c mice sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin. Our results indicate that bronchoconstriction(More)
In conscious guinea-pigs the effect of theophylline, terbutaline and isoprenaline on histamine-induced increase in lung weight was examined. Animals exposed to a saline aerosol had a lung weight to body weight ratio of about 0.8%. Exposure to a histamine aerosol raised this value to about 1.1 (P less than 0.001). Theophylline 55 mg/kg and 110 mg/kg was(More)
Caveolae are 50-100 nm large membrane invaginations that play a role in cellular signaling. The aim of the present study was to assess whether muscarinic M₃ receptors and the K(ATP) channel subunit Kir6.1 are associated with human detrusor caveolae, and to pharmacologically assess the relevance of this organization for contractility. Detrusor strips were(More)
MicroRNAs have emerged as regulators of smooth muscle cell phenotype with a role in smooth muscle-related disease. Studies have shown that miR-143 and miR-145 are the most highly expressed microRNAs in smooth muscle cells, controlling differentiation and function. The effect of miR-143/145 knockout has been established in the vasculature but not in smooth(More)
MicroRNAs have emerged as important regulators of smooth muscle phenotype and may play important roles in pathogenesis of various smooth muscle related disease states. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of miRNAs for urinary bladder function. We used an inducible and smooth muscle specific Dicer knockout (KO) mouse which resulted in(More)