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We present clinical data on 558 patients with deletions within the DiGeorge syndrome critical region of chromosome 22q11. Twenty-eight percent of the cases where parents had been tested had inherited deletions, with a marked excess of maternally inherited deletions (maternal 61, paternal 18). Eight percent of the patients had died, over half of these within(More)
Three Down syndrome patients for whom karyotypic analysis showed a "mirror" (reverse tandem) duplication of chromosome 21 were studied by phenotypic, cytogenetic, and molecular methods. On high-resolution R-banding analysis performed in two cases, the size of the fusion 21q22.3 band was apparently less than twice the size of the normal 21q22.3, suggesting a(More)
A large four-generation family with Noonan syndrome (NS) and neurofibromatosis-type 1 (NF1) was studied for clinical association between the two diseases and for linkage analysis with polymorphic DNA markers of the NF1 region in 17q11.2. Nonrandom segregation between NS and NF1 phenotypes was observed. Neurofibromatosis was tightly linked to NF1 markers,(More)
To determine which regions of chromosome 21 are involved in the pathogenesis of specific features of Down syndrome, we analysed, phenotypically and molecularly, 10 patients with partial trisomy 21. Six minimal regions for 24 features were defined by genotype-phenotype correlations. Nineteen of these features could be assigned to just 2 regions: short(More)
Premature ovarian failure occurs in almost 1% of women under age 40. Molecular alterations of the FSH receptor (FSHR) have recently been described. A first homozygous mutation of the FSHR was identified in Finland. More recently, we described two new mutations of the FSHR in a woman presenting a partial FSH-resistance syndrome (patient 1). We now report new(More)
Down syndrome caused by chromosome 21 trisomy is the most common genetic cause of mental retardation in humans. Disruption of the phenotype is thought to be the result of gene-dosage imbalance. Variations in chromosome 21 gene expression in Down syndrome were analyzed in lymphoblastoid cells derived from patients and control individuals. Of the 359 genes(More)
BACKGROUND Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) refer to a broader group of neurobiological conditions, pervasive developmental disorders. They are characterised by a symptomatic triad associated with qualitative changes in social interactions, defect in communication abilities, and repetitive and stereotyped interests and activities. ASD is prevalent in 1 to 3(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency and expression of hypoparathyroidism and the factors of short stature in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome to optimize clinical care. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional study of 39 patients 9.7 +/- 0.8 (2.5-20) years of age. RESULTS The congenital abnormalities were cardiac defects in 33 of 39, thymus hypoplasia in 15 of 18(More)
A general scheme of chromosome alterations occurring during tumor progression is proposed from the cytogenetic study of 113 breast carcinomas. For 76 of these tumors, chromosome numbers and rate of chromosome rearrangements were correlated with DNA content studied by flow cytometry. A series of 536 cases was used as control for flow cytometry. The following(More)
A prospective study of structural rearrangements occurring in normal lymphocytes was carried out. For each of two newborns and four young and two old adults, about 1000 metaphases from 72-h and 120 from 48-h cultures were studied. The frequency of rearrangements between bands 7p14, 7q35, 14q11.2 or 14q12 and 14qter, which is on the average about 0.003, is(More)