Marguerite Hatch

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The primary goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that Oxalobacter colonization alters colonic oxalate transport thereby reducing urinary oxalate excretion. In addition, we examined the effects of intraluminal calcium on Oxalobacter colonization and tested the hypothesis that endogenously derived colonic oxalate could be degraded by lyophilized(More)
The extrarenal elimination of oxalate via the intestine was studied in rats with chronic renal failure by measuring the magnitude and direction of oxalate fluxes across the small and large intestine. Oxalate transport was determined in vitro across short-circuited sheets of jejunum, ileum, and colon that were placed in Ussing chambers. The concentration of(More)
The mammalian intestine has an important role in the dynamics of oxalate exchange and thereby is significant in the etiology of calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis. Here we review some of the phenomenologic observations that have led to the conclusion that anion exchangers (antiporters) are important mediators of secondarily active, net oxalate transport along(More)
The effects of transport inhibitors on the movements of oxalate and chloride across the isolated short circuited rabbit colon were studied. Net oxalate absorption was shown in this species and was shown to be an energy dependent process as indicated by its sensitivity to 2-4 dinitrophenol (DNP) 10(-4)M. Mucosal addition of(More)
To evaluate the possibility that an apical membrane conductive pathway for oxalate is present in the rabbit distal ileum, we studied oxalate ([14C]oxalate) and chloride (36Cl) uptake into brush-border membrane vesicles enriched 15- to 18-fold in sucrase activity. Voltage-sensitive pathways for oxalate and chloride were identified by the stimulation of(More)
Diarrhea has been recognized as a frequent health problem among children enrolled in day-care centers. Thus, we evaluated the effect of a handwashing program in two day-care centers (HWC) on the incidence of diarrhea among children when compared to children in two control centers (CC). After the program was begun, the incidence of diarrhea at the HWC began(More)
Oxalobacter colonization of rat intestine was previously shown to promote enteric oxalate secretion and elimination, leading to significant reductions in urinary oxalate excretion (Hatch et al. Kidney Int 69: 691-698, 2006). The main goal of the present study, using a mouse model of primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1), was to test the hypothesis that(More)
The role of angiotensin II (ANG II) in colonic secretion of K+ was examined in rats with chronic renal failure (CRF). The basal net secretory flux of 86Rb+ (as a tracer for K+) across the CRF distal colon (-0.20 +/- 0.04 mu eq.cm-2.h-1) was reversed to an absorptive flux (0.35 +/- 0.05 mu eq.cm-2.h-1) by injecting the rats with the AT1 receptor antagonist,(More)