Margrit Hollborn

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Müller cells are active players in normal retinal function and in virtually all forms of retinal injury and disease. Reactive Müller cells protect the tissue from further damage and preserve tissue function by the release of antioxidants and neurotrophic factors, and may contribute to retinal regeneration by the generation of neural progenitor/stem cells.(More)
PURPOSE To compare the gene expression pattern of control postmortem retinas with retinas from patients with proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), to determine the expression of the heparin binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) by glial cells in fibroproliferative membranes, and to examine whether cells of the human Müller cell line,(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) has been suggested to mediate activation of Müller glial cells in the ischemic–hypoxic retina. However, the intracellular pathways activated by bFGF in human Müller cells have been little explored. We characterized the signaling transduction pathways which are involved in the control and growth factor-evoked(More)
PURPOSE The proteolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is involved in pathologic angiogenesis in the eye. However, it is unknown whether MMPs may stimulate the production of the major angiogenic factor, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). The authors investigated whether MMP-2 and MMP-9 alter the expression of VEGF by retinal pigment(More)
PURPOSE In addition to photoreceptor degeneration, excessive light causes degenerative alterations in the inner retina and ganglion cell death. A disturbance in osmohomeostasis may be one causative factor for the alterations in the inner retina. Because Müller cells mediate inner retinal osmohomeostasis (mainly through channel-mediated transport of(More)
OBJECTIVE In the rejection of transplanted retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells, an activation of allografts is probably the pivotal point for long-term success. The detailed immunological interactions involved in the rejection after RPE transplantation are still unknown. The aim of this study is to evaluate the interactions of pro-inflammatory cytokines(More)
beta-Amyloid plaque deposition observed in brains from Alzheimer patients, might function as immune stimulus for glial/macrophages activation, which is supported by observations of activated microglia expressing interleukin (IL)-1beta and elevated IL-6 immunoreactivity in close proximity to amyloid plaques. To elucidate the mechanisms involved in(More)
The anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid, triamcinolone acetonide, is used clinically for the rapid resolution of diabetic macular edema. Osmotic swelling of glial cells may contribute to the development of retinal edema. Triamcinolone inhibits the swelling of retinal glial cells of diabetic rats. Here, we determined whether the effect of triamcinolone is(More)
Gliotransmitters such as glutamate and ATP play an essential role in the prevention of the osmotic swelling of retinal glial (Müller) cells. It has been shown that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induces a Ca²⁺-dependent release of glutamate from the cells [Wurm et al. (2008), J Neurochem 104:386-399]. In the present study, we investigated with(More)
PURPOSE To determine the expression of blood coagulation factors and thrombin receptors in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and whether the effects of thrombin on the chemotaxis and the secretion of VEGF are mediated by transactivation of growth factor receptors. METHODS Gene expression in acutely isolated and cultured human RPE cells was evaluated(More)