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Sources of Escherichia coli in a coastal waterway located in Ft. Lauderdale, Fla., were evaluated. The study consisted of an extensive program of field measurements designed to capture spatial and temporal variations in E. coli concentrations as well as experiments conducted under laboratory-controlled conditions. E. coli from environmental samples was(More)
Self-assembling polycation/DNA complexes represent a promising synthetic vector for gene delivery. However, despite considerable versatility and transfectional activity in vitro, such materials are quickly eliminated from the bloodstream following intravenous injection (plasma alpha half-life typically less than 5 min). For targeted systemic delivery a more(More)
The cDNAs encoding two human homologs of the Xenopus oocyte lectin, XL35, were isolated from a small intestine cDNA library and termed HL-1 and HL-2. The deduced amino acid sequence of each homolog is about 60% identical and 80% similar to that of XL35, and none of these sequences contains the C-type lectin motif, although it is known that XL35 requires(More)
Although the basis for the high mortality rate for patients with mixed bacterial infections is likely to be multifactorial, there is evidence for a synergistic effect of muramyldipeptide (MDP) with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the synthesis of proinflammatory cytokines by mononuclear phagocytes. In this study, co-incubation of human Mono Mac 6 cells with MDP(More)
Binding of serum proteins to polyelectrolyte gene delivery complexes is thought to be an important factor limiting bloodstream circulation and restricting access to target tissues. Protein binding can also inhibit transfection activity in vitro. In this study a multivalent reactive hydrophilic polymer has been used to inhibit protein binding. This polymer(More)
We are developing self-assembling micellar vehicles based on multifunctional block copolymers as well-defined synthetic vehicles suitable for safe in vivo delivery of DNA. As a first stage, DNA expression vectors (6 kb) were condensed with poly(L)lysine of different molecular weights (3970-224 500) to form polyelectrolyte complexes and analysed by atomic(More)
Cationic polymers can self-assemble with DNA to form polyelectrolyte complexes capable of gene delivery, although biocompatibility of the complexes is generally limited. Here we have used A-B type cationic-hydrophilic block co-polymers to introduce a protective surface hydrophilic shielding following oriented self-assembly with DNA. Block co-polymers of(More)
The overexpression of saccharides such as Globo-H, Lewis(Y) and Tn antigen is a common feature of oncogenic transformed cells. Endeavors to exploit this aberrant glycosylation for cancer vaccine development have been complicated by difficulties in eliciting high titers of IgG antibodies against classical conjugates of tumor-associated carbohydrates to(More)
Complexes formed between DNA and cationic polymers are attracting increasing attention as novel synthetic vectors for delivery of genes. We are trying to improve biological properties of such complexes by oriented self-assembly of DNA with cationic-hydrophilic block copolymers, designed to enshroud the complex within a protective hydrophilic polymer corona.(More)