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Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), a naturally occurring anticarcinogen found in dairy products, is an intermediary product of ruminal biohydrogenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Our objective was to determine the effect of different dietary oils, which vary in fatty acid composition, on CLA concentrations in milk from lactating dairy cows. Twelve(More)
We examined the effect of intake of fresh pasture on concentrations of conjugated linoleic acid in milk fat. Sixteen Holstein cows were paired and divided into either the control group or the grazing group. The study involved initial, transition, and final periods. During the initial period, all cows consumed a total mixed diet. Cows in the control group(More)
The hematopoietic humanized mouse (hu-mouse) model is a powerful resource to study and manipulate the human immune system. However, a major and recurrent issue with this model has been the poor maturation of B cells that fail to progress beyond the transitional B cell stage. Of interest, a similar problem has been reported in transplant patients who receive(More)
The ultradian release of ACTH and cortisol was investigated in six male rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) with an intensive (2-min) blood-sampling procedure to investigate micropulsatile hormone secretory patterns. A sensitive and specific immunoradiometric assay was used to measure plasma ACTH concentrations. An objective pulse detection algorithm (Cluster)(More)
Acute inhibition of serotonergic (5-HT) neurons in the medullary raphé (MR) using a 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist had an age-dependent impact on the "CO(2) response" of piglets (33). Our present study explored the effect of chronic 5-HT neuron lesions in the MR and extra-raphé on the ventilatory response to hypercapnia and hypoxia in piglets, with possible(More)
The effects of acute cocaine administration (0.4 or 0.8 mg/kg) on anterior pituitary hormones were studied in four male and six female adult rhesus monkeys during the midluteal phase of the menstrual cycle (days 20-23). Progesterone levels averaged 15.7 +/- 3 and 10.6 +/- 2.8 ng/ml before low and high dose cocaine administration. Integrated plasma samples(More)
Clinical studies suggest that cocaine disrupts reproductive function, but because cocaine abusers often abuse opiates and alcohol, it has been difficult to determine the contribution of cocaine alone. The effects of chronic cocaine self-administration on menstrual cycle duration and basal levels of progesterone were examined in eight female rhesus monkeys(More)
The effects of dopamine on regulation of prolactin secretion were studied in female rhesus monkeys before cocaine exposure and again after 2 months to 2.7 years of daily cocaine self-administration. During chronic cocaine exposure, basal prolactin levels increased by 227 to 350% above drug-free control levels (P < .05). On each endocrine study day, three(More)
The acute effects of i.v. cocaine on basal levels of prolactin (PRL), luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone were examined in nine female rhesus monkeys during the early follicular phase of the menstrual cycle (days 4-7). Integrated plasma samples were collected at 10-min intervals for 40 min before and 110 min after administration of(More)