Margot Fijlstra

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Patients with chemotherapy-induced gastrointestinal mucositis suffer from anorexia, diarrhea, and stomach pain, often causing weight loss and malnutrition. When the intestinal function during mucositis would be known, a rational feeding strategy might improve the nutritional state, accelerate recuperation, and increase survival of mucositis patients. We(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Patients with chemotherapy-induced gastrointestinal mucositis suffer from weight loss and possibly malabsorption. Since long-chain fatty acids serve important functions in the body, we aimed to determine the intestinal capacity of fat absorption in rats with and without methotrexate-induced mucositis. METHODS Four days after intravenous(More)
It is unknown what feeding strategy to use during chemotherapy-induced gastrointestinal mucositis, which causes weight loss and possibly malabsorption. To study the absorptive capacity of amino acids during mucositis, we determined the plasma availability of enterally administered amino acids (AA), their utilization for protein synthesis, and the(More)
The aim of this study was to review the available literature and define clinical practice guidelines for the use of agents for the prevention and treatment of gastrointestinal mucositis. A systematic review was conducted by the Mucositis Study Group of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer/International Society of Oral Oncology(More)
Earlier, we showed in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients that the microbiota changes dramatically during anticancer treatment, coinciding with gastrointestinal mucositis: The commensal anaerobic populations reduce in favor of potential pathogens. Therefore, interventions targeting the microbiota during mucositis might be interesting but can better be(More)
Patients with chemotherapy-induced gastrointestinal mucositis often suffer from weight loss. It is not well known how to enterally feed mucositis patients, potentially experiencing malabsorption. Recently, we showed in a rat model of methotrexate (MTX)-induced mucositis that intestinal absorption of glucose in trace amounts is still intact. We now(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchopulmonary dysplasia, a complex chronic lung disease in premature children in which oxidative stress and surfactant deficiency play a crucial role, is characterized by arrested alveolar and vascular development of the immature lung. The spatial and temporal patterns of expression of surfactant proteins are not yet fully established in(More)
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