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In this article the paths among cancer patients' physical and mental health and the reactions and mental health of their family caregivers were examined. Data for these analyses came from a cross-sectional sample of cancer patients who were recruited through ambulatory outpatient chemotherapy units, and their family caregivers. Patients' depression was(More)
This study mapped the trajectory of depression and its components (depressive mood, somatic expression of depression, and lack of positive affect) for 1 year after an initial cancer diagnosis, revealing the complex nature of the psychological response to the cancer experience. The analysis was based on 4 waves of panel data from 860 older patients with(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated, in a sample of 491 cancer patient/caregiver dyads, the impact of caregiving on caregivers' mental and physical health over a period of one year (four assessments). Our model postulates that patient and caregiver characteristics impact caregiver experiences, and all of these in turn affect the mental and physical health of the(More)
This article explores long-term survivorship (5 years or longer) through focus group discussions with women who have experienced breast cancer. The data revealed four major themes; integration of the disease process into current life, change in perspective, and unresolved issues. These data begin to shed light on the issues of breast cancer survivors and(More)
This research examined, in a sample of N = 150 cancer patients and caregivers, the relationships among patient's physical functioning, depression and symptomatology, impact on caregivers' schedule and health, and caregiver depression, as well as the changes in these variables over time. A measure of caregivers' optimism was also included in the analyses.(More)
BACKGROUND Lung cancer is a major health problem throughout the world. It is the leading cause of cancer-related death in men and women in the USA, with a 5-year survival rate of only 14%. It has been hypothesized that variables such as physical and social functioning, cancer-related symptomatology, comorbid conditions, cell type, and treatment are valid(More)
Data presented in this study were gathered through a national mail survey of 3000 randomly selected osteopathic physicians. A total of 955 questionnaires were usable for analysis. Osteopathic physicians' likelihood of using eleven osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) techniques (articulatory, counterstrain, cranial, facilitated positional release,(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop a quality of life instrument for long-term female cancer survivors. A factor analysis (n = 188) of 34 items resulted in the Long-Term Quality of Life (LTQL) instrument. Internal consistency was high for the four subscales: somatic concerns (alpha = .86), spiritual/philosophical views of life (alpha = .87) fitness(More)
BACKGROUND In this study we investigated the effects of a clinical nursing symptom control intervention on utilization of physician, hospital and emergency room services. MATERIAL/METHODS Two hundred twenty-two patients currently undergoing chemotherapy were recruited for the study, and were randomized into either the 10-contact, 20-week experimental(More)
BACKGROUND A study was designed to investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and preventive efforts with regard to exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) among a sample of urban African American children and adolescents. METHODS A sample of 675 students enrolled in grades 5 through 12 in an urban public school district located in the greater(More)