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Lifespan and ageing are strongly affected by many environmental factors, but the effects of social environment on these life-history traits are not well understood. We examined effects of social interaction on age-specific mortality rate in the sexually dimorphic neriid fly Telostylinus angusticollis. We found that although interaction with other(More)
In many species, males influence phenotypic traits in their offspring through non-genetic paternal effects. Such effects can represent a form of paternal investment, and males may benefit by adjusting the effects depending on environmental parameters, such as operational sex ratio, so as to maximize offspring fitness. In the neriid fly Telostylinus(More)
Adult dietary restriction (DR) extends lifespan, but the mechanisms that underlie this effect are not well understood. Many DR studies have demonstrated that lifespan extension tends to be accompanied by a reduction in female fecundity - a correlation widely interpreted as evidence that DR triggers an adaptive re - allocation of resources from reproduction(More)
The potential for sexual conflict to influence the evolution of life span and aging has been recognized for more than a decade, and recent work also suggests that variation in life span and aging can influence sexually antagonistic coevolution. However, empirical exploration of these ideas is only beginning. Here, we provide an overview of the ideas and(More)
Many studies have attempted to account for variation in male reproductive success by quantifying a single trait such as an ornament or a behavior, but male reproductive performance may be determined by a number of interacting traits. Although developmental nutrition is often a major determinant of adult body size and secondary sexual trait expression, other(More)
Recent evidence shows that seminal fluid can affect females and offspring independently of fertilisation in species lacking conventional 'nuptial gifts'. We argue that a hypothesis from paternal investment systems - that selection can favour changing female preferences that maximise both sperm-borne and seminal fluid-borne benefits - could therefore apply(More)
High condition enables individuals to express a phenotype with greater reproductive potential. However, life-history theory predicts that reproduction will trade off with somatic maintenance and viability, and several studies have reported faster age-related decline in performance in high-condition individuals, suggesting that high condition in early life(More)
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