Margo E. Barker

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OBJECTIVES To investigate the effect of milk supplementation on total body bone mineral acquisition in adolescent girls. DESIGN 18 month, open randomised intervention trial. SUBJECTS 82 white girls aged 12.2 (SD 0.3) years, recruited from four secondary schools in Sheffield. INTERVENTION 568 ml (one pint) of whole or reduced fat milk per day for 18(More)
Total energy expenditure (TEE) was measured simultaneously in 14 free-living adults over 15 d by the doubly labeled water (DLW) method and for 2-4 separate days by heart-rate (HR) monitoring. Individual curves for HR vs oxygen consumption (VO2) were obtained and an HR (FLEX HR: 97 +/- 8 beats/min, range 84-113 beats/min) that discriminated between rest and(More)
Subjects aged 16-64 years (592; 258 men and 334 women), randomly selected from the population of Northern Ireland, kept a 7 d weighed record of all food and drink consumed. Social, personal and anthropometric data were also collected. From the weighed records food consumption was described in terms of forty-one food groups. Using principal components(More)
The aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate the factors associated with bone mineral acquisition in pubertal girls. Subjects were 37 healthy, Caucasian girls aged 12.1 years (SD 0.3). Measurements were made at 6-month intervals over a period of 18 months and included total body bone mineral content (TBBMC), total body bone mineral density (TBBMD),(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide an independent evaluation of seven day weighed dietary records, which are currently accepted as the most accurate technique for assessing habitual dietary intake in studies investigating the links between diet and health. DESIGN Subjects who had previously participated in the Northern Ireland diet and health study were reselected by(More)
Lack of access to affordable healthy foods has been suggested to be a contributory factor to poor diet. This study investigated associations between diet and access to supermarkets, transport, fruit and vegetable price and deprivation, in a region divergent in geography and socio-economic indices. A postal survey of 1000 addresses (response rate 42%)(More)
Dietary social stereotypes may hinder dietary change. The aim of this study was to measure stereotypes attributed to consumers of low-fat and high-fat diets, and to investigate if stereotype attribution differed with subjects' fat intake. A sample of 100 subjects completed a 24-h dietary recall for the estimation of macronutrient intake, and then completed(More)
Pomegranate juice may improve cardiovascular risk because of its content of antioxidant polyphenols. We conducted a randomized placebo-controlled parallel study to examine the effect of pomegranate juice on pulse wave velocity (PWV), blood pressure (BP) and plasma antioxidant status (ferric reducing power; FRAP) in 51 healthy adults (30-50 years).(More)
UNLABELLED There is debate about the possible deleterious effect of excessive vitamin A exposure on fracture risk. In this nested case control study in older women (312 cases and 934 controls), serum retinol, retinyl palmitate, and beta-carotene were not associated with fracture risk, and there was no evidence of excess risk with multivitamin or cod liver(More)
Objective: To examine the effect of phosphate supplements on calcium homeostasis and bone turnover in young men.Design: Study 1 was a randomised, controlled, cross-over trial of 1000 mg elemental phosphate given for one week, with a standard diet of 800 mg/d each of calcium and phosphorus. Study 2 was an escalating dose study of 0, 1000, 1500 and 2000 mg/d(More)