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We used the autoradiographic 2-deoxy-D-[1-14C]glucose (14C-DG) method of Sokoloff to identify brain areas with altered rates of local cerebral glucose utilization (LCGU) in vivo in response to peripheral I-nicotine administration (0.1, 0.3, 1.0, and 1.75 mg/kg, s.c.). Nicotine stimulated LCGU primarily in areas reported to contain nicotine binding sites,(More)
Endomorphin-1 and endomorphin-2 were recently postulated to be endogenous mu-opioid receptor agonists. We have investigated the antinociceptive and antihyperalgesic effects of intrathecally administered endomorphins in cumulative doses (0.1-100 microg) on acute and inflammatory pain sensations in awake rats. In the tail-flick test, both peptides caused a(More)
Morphine was provided to rats in drinking water for 21 days. Profound analgesic tolerance was detected both in hot-plate and tail-flick tests. The density of [3H]DAMGO binding sites increased by 76% in spinal cord membranes due to morphine exposure compared to those in opioid naive animals. Slightly augmented [3H]DAMGO binding was measured in the synaptic(More)
Agmatine, an endogenous ligand, interacts both with the alpha2-adrenoceptors and with the imidazoline binding sites. The effect of intrathecally administered agmatine on carrageenan-induced thermal hyperalgesia was investigated by means of a paw-withdrawal test in rats. The effect of agmatine on morphine-induced anti-hyperalgesia was also studied.(More)
Pain-sensitivity as well as the analgesic and thermoregulatory effects of morphine were studied after two different types of chronic environmental stresses in rats (extra stimulation of newborns for 21 days, or social isolation for a month in adult age). The basal pain sensitivity and the base-line body temperature were similarly affected after the two(More)
UNLABELLED Ketamine exerts antinociceptive effects in many pain tests. We investigated the antinociceptive effect of intrathecally administered racemic ketamine and its S(+)- and R(-)-enantiomer on carrageenan-induced thermal hyperalgesia with a paw withdrawal test and acute pain (hot plate and tailflick) tests. Rats were prepared with a chronic lumbar(More)
Diltiazem, a calcium slow channel blocker, greatly potentiated and prolonged the antinociceptive effect of morphine in rats. Hypothermia, the primary thermoregulatory effect of morphine, was also potentiated. Verapamil, another calcium blocker elicited corresponding changes in the analgetic and thermoregulatory effects of morphine. These findings seem to be(More)
Our study examined whether calcium channels are involved in the anesthetic action of dexmedetomidine (100-300 micrograms/kg), a highly selective alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist. To investigate this, we studied the effects of verapamil (1.25 or 2.5 mg/kg), a calcium channel blocker, and BAY K8644 (0.5 or 1 mg/kg), a calcium channel agonist, on the(More)
Rats were subjected to prolonged footshock, intensive acoustic stress, cold water swim and restraint over a period of 10 days. The analgesic and thermoregulatory properties of morphine (2, 4 and 8 mg/kg, sc.) were tested on the 11th day. Analgesia assessment was performed by means of hot-plate (HP) and tail-flick (TF) tests, and body temperature (Tb)(More)
Tyr-D-Ala-Gly-Phe-D-Nle-Arg-Phe (DADN) a synthetic analogue of the endogenous Met-enkephalin-Arg-Phe (Tyr-Gly-Gly-Phe-Met-Arg-Phe; MERF), was investigated in radioligand binding assays, [(35)S]GTPgammaS stimulation experiments as well as in in vivo algesiometric tests. Binding properties of [(3)H]DADN were measured in crude membrane fractions of rat spinal(More)