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Airway epithelial cells bearing mutations of the cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) possess an increased Na+ conductance along with their well described defect of cAMP dependent Cl- conductance. Currently it is not clear, how this occurs, and whether it is due to a CFTR control of epithelial Na+ conductances which might be(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) airway cells, besides their well-known defect in cAMP-dependent Cl- conductance, are characterized by an enhanced Na+ conductance. In this study we have examined the Na+ conductance in human respiratory tract by measuring transepithelial voltage and resistance (Vte, Rte) and by assessing membrane voltages (Vm) of freshly isolated airway(More)
Cl- secretion in the colon can be activated by an increase of either intracellular Ca2+ or cAMP. In this study we examined a possible interdependence of the two second-messenger pathways in human colonic epithelium. When measured in a modified Ussing chamber, carbachol (CCH; 100 micromol/l, basolateral), via an increase in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration(More)
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) apparently forms Cl- channels in apical membranes of secretory epithelial cells. A detailed model describes molecular structure and biophysical properties of CFTR and the impact of various mutations as they occur in cystic fibrosis. In the present report mutations were introduced into the putative(More)
Activation of the CFTR Cl- channel inhibits epithelial Na+ channels (ENaC), according to studies on epithelial cells and overexpressing recombinant cells. Here we demonstrate that ENaC is inhibited during stimulation of the cystic fibrosis transmembrance conductance regulator (CFTR) in Xenopus oocytes, independent of the experimental set-up and the(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) airway epithelia are characterized by enhanced Na(+) absorption probably due to a lack of downregulation of epithelial Na(+) channels by mutant CF transmembrane conductance regulator. Extracellular nucleotides adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) and uridine 5'-triphosphate (UTP) have been shown to activate alternative Ca(2+)-dependent Cl(-)(More)
The cystic-fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) functions as a cAMP-regulated Cl- channel and as a regulator of other membrane conductances. cAMP-dependent activation of CFTR inhibits epithelial Na+ channels (ENaC). The specificity of interaction between CFTR and ENaC was examined by coexpression of ENaC and ATP-binding cassette (ABC)(More)
Ion transport defects underlying cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease are characterized by impaired cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent Cl(-) conductance. Activation of Cl(-) secretion in airways depends on simultaneous activation of luminal Cl(-) channels and basolateral K(+) channels. We determined the role of basolateral K(+) conductance in(More)
BACKGROUND At present, it is discussed whether omega-3 fatty acids show anti-inflammatory, antithrombogenic, and antiatherosclerotic effects, also in patients with chronic renal failure. METHODS In this prospective study, 11 hemodialysis (HD) patients, ages 59 +/- 17 years, who had balanced lipid metabolism and had been on HD for 53 +/- 47 months, were(More)
Rectal biopsies from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients show defective cAMP-activated Cl(-) secretion and an inverse response of the short-circuit current (I(sc)) toward stimulation with carbachol (CCh). Alternative Cl(-) channels are found in airway epithelia and have been attributed to residual Cl(-) secretion in CF colon. The aim of the present study was to(More)