Margie Danchin

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Superantigens are important virulence factors in the pathogenesis of invasive disease caused by group A streptococcus (GAS). There has been a recent re-emergence of this disease worldwide. A number of novel superantigens have been described recently. This study investigated 107 isolates of GAS for possession of each of the 11 currently known superantigen(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Effective management of group A streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis is hindered by impracticality of the gold standard diagnostic test: throat culture. Rapid antigen diagnostic tests (RADTs) are a promising alternative, although concerns about their sensitivity and specificity, and variation between test methodologies, have limited(More)
BACKGROUND Anaphylaxis is a rare life-threatening adverse event following immunization (AEFI). Variability in presentation can make differentiation between anaphylaxis and other AEFI difficult. This study summarizes pediatric anaphylaxis AEFI reported to an Australian state-based passive surveillance system. METHODS All suspected and reported pediatric(More)
INTRODUCTION Past experience with live oral vaccines including licensed rotavirus vaccines demonstrates a trend towards reduced vaccine efficacy in developing countries compared with developed countries. The reasons behind this disparity are not well understood. Transplacental transfer of maternal antibodies and breast milk ingestion may attenuate vaccine(More)
BACKGROUND Preterm infants should receive immunisations according to their chronological, rather than gestational, age however concern about possible adverse events following immunisation (AEFI) in this group often means routine immunisations are delayed. A small number of infants may have apnoea with or without bradycardia temporally associated with(More)
We describe a case of a 3-year-old girl who was admitted with encephalopathy and a right-sided hemiparesis secondary to acute influenza A. She was up-to-date with the Australian National Immunisation Program (which does not routinely include the seasonal influenza vaccine). After initial treatment with intravenous antimicrobials and acyclovir, a brain and(More)
Vaccine hesitancy (VH) is an issue of global concern. The quality of communication between healthcare providers and parents can influence parental immunization acceptance. We aimed to describe immunization uptake following specialist immunization clinic (SIC) consultation for Australian children of VH parents as a cohort, and according to pre-clinic(More)
BACKGROUND Vaccine hesitancy is becoming increasingly recognised as an issue in Australia and globally, as concerns about vaccines and their safety predominate over concerns about the risk of vaccine-preventable diseases. OBJECTIVE This review provides an approach for primary care physicians to enable effective communication with parents who have(More)
Although vaccination uptake is high in most countries, pockets of sub-optimal coverage remain posing a threat to individual and population immunity. Increasingly, the term 'vaccine hesitancy' is being used by experts and commentators to explain sub-optimal vaccination coverage. We contend that using this term to explain all partial or non-immunisation risks(More)