Margie Crandall

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BACKGROUND Although children experience physical and behavioral consequences from anxiety in many health care settings, anxiety assessment and subsequent management is not often performed because of the lack of clinically useful subjective scales. Current state anxiety scales are either observational or multidimensional self-report measures requiring(More)
The aim of this study was to explore factors influencing children's (7-13 years) tonsillectomy experiences and outcomes. A prospective, repeated measures, design was used to investigate the effect of age, gender, ethnicity, time, and previous pain, hospitalization and surgery on children's (N = 60) perceptions of anxiety, pain intensity, quality of pain and(More)
PURPOSE This qualitative study sought to identify perceived barriers to diagnosing and treating patients with chronic pain in the emergency department (ED). BASIC PROCEDURE Semistructured interviews were conducted with 24 ED physicians from 4 hospitals to elucidate their experiences of managing chronic pain in the ED. MAIN FINDINGS Time limitations and(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of pre-operative tonsillectomy pain education on children's (7-13 years) self-reported pre-operative anxiety and post-operative clinical outcomes (i.e., anxiety, pain intensity, quality of pain and sleep, oral intake, perceptions of pre-operative education, and pain expectation). METHOD A prospective, repeated measures,(More)
PURPOSE Children's and adolescents' pain experiences are complex and multidimensional. Therefore, assessing a single dimension of pain intensity is in many instances inadequate. The purpose of this case report is to illustrate the benefits of using a multidimensional pain tool to assess vaso-occlusive pain in children and adolescents with sickle cell(More)
Because little is known about adolescent pain, in particular pain after blunt traumatic injury, a descriptive exploratory approach was used to examine the pain experience of adolescents after acute blunt traumatic injury in three contexts: at the scene of the accident, in the emergency department, and in the hospital setting. For the 13 adolescents (11-17(More)
ISSUES AND PURPOSE Although blunt trauma injury is a common cause for adolescent pain, little is known about the experience of pain as perceived by adolescents. DESIGN AND METHOD Semistructured interviews were conducted with 13 adolescents following blunt trauma injury. Two age-appropriate valid measures (i.e., Adolescent Pediatric Pain Tool and Temporal(More)
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