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The discovery of new antibiotics and other bioactive microbial metabolites continues to be an important objective in new drug research. Since extensive screening has led to the discovery of thousands of bioactive microbial molecules, new approaches must be taken in order to reduce the probability of rediscovering known compounds. The authors have recently(More)
New antibiotics are necessary to treat microbial pathogens that are becoming increasingly resistant to available treatment. Despite the medical need, the number of newly approved drugs continues to decline. We offer an overview of the pipeline for new antibiotics at different stages, from compounds in clinical development to newly discovered chemical(More)
The lantibiotic NAI-107 is active against Gram-positive bacteria including vancomycin-resistant enterococci and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. To identify the molecular basis of its potency, we studied the mode of action in a series of whole cell and in vitro assays and analyzed structural features by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The(More)
Isolation of high molecular weight DNA fragments from soil, in excess of 1 Mb, and of sufficient quality for cloning into an Escherichia coli-streptomycete artificial chromosome vector is described. The combination of indirect extraction of cells, using a nycodenz extraction technique, followed by lysis of biomass immobilised in agarose plugs, allowed(More)
We identified an Actinoallomurus strain producing NAI-107, a chlorinated lantibiotic effective against multidrug-resistant Gram-positive pathogens and previously reported from the distantly related genus Microbispora. Inclusion of KBr in the production medium of either the Actinoallomurus or the Microbispora producer readily afforded brominated variants of(More)
Two novel Gram-positive, acidophilic bacterial strains were isolated from forest soil. According to their 16S rRNA gene sequences, these strains are related closely to each other and form a distinct cluster within the order Actinomycetales. They show the typical features of filamentous actinomycetes, with branched vegetative hyphae and production of aerial(More)
GE23077 is a novel RNA polymerase inhibitor that is isolated from the fermentation broth of an Actinomadura sp. It is a cyclic heptapeptide complex made up of four factors, differing in the structure of acyl group connected to the side chain of an alpha,beta-diaminopropanoic acid moiety and in the configuration of the stereocenter of an alpha-amino-malonic(More)
A total of 223 complete bacterial genomes are analyzed, with 281 citations, for the presence of genes encoding modular polyketide synthases (PKS) and nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPS). We report on the distribution of these systems in different bacterial taxa and, whenever known, the metabolites they synthesize. We also highlight, in the different(More)
There is an increased need for new drug leads to treat diseases in humans, animals and plants. A dramatic example is represented by the need for novel and more effective antibiotics to combat multidrug-resistant microbial pathogens. Natural products represent a major source of approved drugs and still play an important role in supplying chemical diversity,(More)