Margherita Rosati

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We used optimized DNA expression vectors to compare two gene delivery methodologies in rhesus macaques, namely direct DNA injection and in vivo adaptive constant-current electroporation via the intramuscular route. The use of in vivo electroporation increased levels of gene expression and immune responses. We used an optimized HIV gag expression plasmid to(More)
Optimized DNA vectors were constructed comprising the proteome of SIV including the structural, enzymatic, regulatory, and accessory proteins. In addition to native antigens as produced by the virus, fusion proteins and modified antigens with altered secretion, cellular localization and stability characteristics were generated. The DNA vectors were tested(More)
Plasmid-based IL-12 has been demonstrated to successfully enhance the immunogenicity of DNA vaccines, thus enabling a reduction of the amount of DNA required for immunization. IL-15 is thought to affect the maintenance and enhance effector function of CD8(+) memory T cells. Since the ability to elicit a long-term memory response is a desirable attribute of(More)
We have tested the efficacy of DNA immunization as a single vaccination modality for rhesus macaques followed by highly pathogenic SIVmac251 challenge. To further improve immunogenicity of the native proteins, we generated expression vectors producing fusion of the proteins Gag and Env to the secreted chemokine MCP3, targeting the viral proteins to the(More)
We have previously shown that macaques vaccinated with DNA vectors expressing SIVmac239 antigens developed potent immune responses able to reduce viremia upon high-dose SIVmac251 challenge. To further improve vaccine-induced immunity and protection, we combined the SIVmac239 DNA vaccine with protein immunization using inactivated SIVmac239 viral particles(More)
The effectiveness of plasmid DNA (pDNA) vaccines can be improved by the co-delivery of plasmid-encoded molecular adjuvants. We evaluated pDNAs encoding GM-CSF, Flt-3L, IL-12 alone, or in combination, for their relative ability to serve as adjuvants to augment humoral and cell-mediated immune responses elicited by prototype pDNA vaccines. In Balb/c mice we(More)
We show that co-expression of interleukin 15 (IL-15) and IL-15 receptor alpha (IL-15Ralpha) in the same cell allows for the intracellular interaction of the two proteins early after translation, resulting in increased stability and secretion of both molecules as a complex. In the absence of co-expressed IL-15Ralpha, a large portion of the produced IL-15 is(More)
IL-15 is an important cytokine for the function of the immune system, but the form(s) of IL-15 produced in the human body are not fully characterized. Coexpression of the single-chain IL-15 and the IL-15 receptor alpha (IL-15Rα) in the same cell allows for efficient production, surface display, and eventual cleavage and secretion of the bioactive(More)
C/EBPbeta is a member of a family of leucine zipper transcription factors that are involved in regulating the expression of several cytokines, including IL-1, IL-6, IL-8, TNF, and macrophage-inflammatory protein-1alpha. We identified multiple C/EBPbeta binding sites within the gene for CCR5, suggesting that C/EBPbeta may be involved in its regulation.(More)
Since human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-specific cell-mediated immune (CMI) responses are critical in the early control and resolution of HIV infection and correlate with postchallenge outcomes in rhesus macaque challenge experiments, we sought to identify a plasmid DNA (pDNA) vaccine design capable of eliciting robust and balanced CMI responses to(More)