Margherita Gigante

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A hallmark of immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is episodes of gross hematuria coinciding with mucosal infections that can represent the disease-triggering event. Here we performed a whole genomic screen of IgAN patients during gross hematuria to clarify the link between mucosal antigens and glomerular hematuria. Modulated genes showed a clear involvement(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate the toxicity, response, and survival of patients with relapsed high-grade gliomas after radiation therapy (RT) combined with lomustine (CCNU). METHODS AND MATERIALS Thirty-one patients with relapsed gliomas at least 6 months after completion of RT were reirradiated. Twenty-four patients had a pathological(More)
Children with 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) need chronic glucocorticoid (cGC) therapy to replace congenital deficit of cortisol synthesis, and this therapy is the most frequent and severe form of drug-induced osteoporosis. In this study, we enrolled 18 patients (9 females) and 18 sex- and age-matched controls. We found in 21-OHD patients high serum and(More)
Reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitors are emerging as a novel class of anticancer differentiating agents, active in several human tumor cell models, such as melanoma and prostate, thyroid and colon carcinoma. Indeed, much evidence suggests that they may act by inhibiting endogenous RT, a gene highly expressed in undifferentiated and transformed cells. We(More)
The capacity of the immune system to distinguish foreign from self-antigen, and to subsequently eliminate the threat of disease without injuring the host is crucial for survival. It also serves to defend against tumor formation and progression via a process termed cancer immunosurveillance. Innate and adaptive immune cell types and effector molecules(More)
Mammalian microRNAs (miR) regulate the expression of genes relevant for the development of adaptive and innate immunity against cancer. Since T cell dysfunction has previously been reported in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC; clear cell type), we aimed to analyze these immune cells for genetic and protein differences when compared to normal donor T(More)
Two human colon carcinoma drug resistant clones (LoVo-IDA-1 and LoVo-IDA-2) were selected by continuous pressure of LoVo parent cell lines to idarubicin (IDA). Both cell sublines exhibited a typical multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype but, despite IDA selection, the resistance index (RIext) was higher for daunorubicin (DAU) (RIext = 101-112) than for IDA(More)
We studied the relationship between the chemical structure and multidrug resistance (MDR) reversal activity of racemic verapamil (VER) and 14 VER analogs (VAs). The LoVo-R human colon carcinoma cell line was used as an experimental model. This cell line exhibited a typical MDR phenotype and overexpressed the MDR1 gene products. Key structural features were(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent antigen presenting cells and represent attractive candidates for use in novel immunotherapies for patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC), a disease that has proven refractory to conventional treatment modalities, such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Given the perceived need to augment antitumor type-1 immunity (TC1 and(More)
In some tumours, despite a wild-type p53 gene, the p53 pathway is inactivated by alterations in its regulators or by unknown mechanisms, leading to resistance to cytotoxic therapies. Understanding the mechanisms of functional inactivation of wild-type p53 in these tumours may help to define prospective targets for treating cancer by restoring p53 activity.(More)