Margery A. Barrand

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Movement of substrates between blood and brain is known to be influenced by P-glycoprotein (P-gp) at the luminal surface of the endothelium lining brain microvessels and by multidrug resistance associated protein 1 (MRP1) at the basolateral surface of the choroid plexus epithelium. Here, using RT-PCR and Western blotting, we investigate other ABC(More)
Interstitial fluid (ISF) surrounds the parenchymal cells of the brain and spinal cord while cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fills the larger spaces within and around the CNS. Regulation of the composition and volume of these fluids is important for effective functioning of brain cells and is achieved by barriers that prevent free exchange between CNS and blood(More)
Plant flavonoids are polyphenolic compounds, commonly found in vegetables, fruits and many food sources that form a significant portion of our diet. These compounds have been shown to interact with several ATP-binding cassette transporters that are linked with anticancer and antiviral drug resistance and, as such, may be beneficial in modulating drug(More)
Fluid secretion across the blood-brain barrier, critical for maintaining the correct fluid balance in the brain, entails net secretion of HCO(3)(-), which is brought about by the combined activities of ion transporters situated in brain microvessels. These same transporters will concomitantly influence intracellular pH (pH(i)). To analyse the transporters(More)
The doxorubicin-selected multidrug resistant (MDR) human large cell lung cancer line COR-L23/R, lacks P-glycoprotein but shows a drug accumulation deficit. It does however overexpress a 190k membrane protein which shares an epitope with, but is otherwise distinct from, P-glycoprotein. The resistant cells show only a small sensitisation to vincristine and(More)
Multidrug efflux transporters of the ATP-Binding cassette (ABC) family, P-glycoprotein (Pgp), multidrug-resistance associated protein 4 (MRP4) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), located on endothelial cells lining brain vasculature play important roles in limiting movement of substances into and enhancing their efflux from the brain. Signals from(More)
The multidrug transporter, P-glycoprotein (Pgp), at the blood-brain barrier is thought to be important for limiting access of toxic agents to the brain, but controversy surrounds its cellular location, whether on endothelium or on adjacent astrocyte foot processes. In the present study, the distribution of protein and mRNA for Pgp and for another(More)
In vivo expression of P-glycoprotein in isolated rat brain microvessels is compared with that in vitro in primary cultures of brain endothelial cells. More P-glycoprotein is detected by Western immunoblotting in microvessels than in cultured endothelium. RT-PCR with isoform-specific primers and immunoblotting with a mdr1b-specific antibody reveals only(More)
BACKGROUND A 190k (190-kilodalton) membrane protein has been identified in several multidrug-resistant (MDR) cell lines that show decreased drug accumulation without expression of P-glycoprotein. It is not clear whether this 190k protein is involved directly in drug efflux. Recently, a gene for a putative transporter protein, MRP (multidrug(More)
This study investigates involvement of beta-catenin signalling in regulation of p-glycoprotein (p-gp) expression in endothelial cells derived from brain vasculature. Pharmacological interventions that enhance or that block beta-catenin signalling were applied to primary rat brain endothelial cells and to immortalized human brain endothelial cells, hCMEC/D3,(More)