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Mass analysis was used to determine the amount of acetate which is totally synthesized from (13)CO(2) during fermentations by Clostridium formicoaceticum, C. acidiurici, C. cylindrosporum, Butyribacterium rettgeri, and Diplococcus glycinophilus. In the fermentation of fructose by C. formicoaceticum, 27% of the acetate was found to be totally synthesized(More)
The effect of hydrogen on fermentation of lactate, pyruvate, fumarate, and succinate by resting rumen microorganisms has been investigated. Under an atmosphere of nitrogen, lactate was fermented to yield acetate as the major product (85 to 100 mole %) and propionate (0 to 17 mole %) and butyrate (0 to 3%) as secondary products. Under hydrogen, there was(More)
The effect of MK-401 (4-amino-6-trichloroethenyl 1,3-benzenedisulfonamide) on Fasciola hepatica phosphoglycerate kinase (EC 2.7.2.3) was investigated. MK-401 was a competitive inhibitor of both 3-phosphoglycerate and ATP and had a Ki of 0.29 mM. ATP, 1,3-diphosphoglycerate and MK-401 protected the Fasciola enzyme from inhibition by N-ethylmaleimide.(More)
The nucleotide sugar precursor of the oleandrose units of the avermectins has been purified from a mutant of Streptomyces avermitilis, which does not synthesize any avermectins but which converts avermectin aglycones to their respective disaccharides. This precursor has been identified as dTDP-oleandrose. The purification was achieved by anion exchange and(More)
"Streptomyces avermitilis" mutants defective in the methylation of the avermectins have been isolated and characterized. Four mutant strains, CR-1, CR-2, CR-3, and CR-4, were unable to methylate the oxygen at C5 of the macrolide moiety and produced essentially only the avermectin B components. These four strains lack avermectin B2 O-methyltransferase(More)
The level of activity of avermectin B O-methyltransferase, the enzyme which catalyzes the conversion of avermectin B components to avermectin A components, was analyzed in a series of "Streptomyces avermitilis" mutants selected for increased production of the avermectins. In all of the mutants, increased avermectin production was accompanied by increased(More)
The d-glyceraldehyde 3-P dehydrogenases of spinach leaf, pea seed, and pea shoot were purified. The NADP and NAD-linked enzymes of either spinach leaves and pea shoots could not be separated. Changes in the ratio of NADP- to NAD-linked activity of the spinach leaf and pea shoot enzymes were observed during both purification and storage of crude extracts.(More)