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Two enzymes of base excision repair (BER), uracil DNA glycosylase (UDG) and DNA polymerase beta (beta pol), from HeLa cells co-eluted from Superose 12 FPLC columns. The UDG was completely displaced from 150-180-kDa fractions to 30- 70-kDa fractions by brief treatment with 0.5 N NaCl, pH 3.0, as expected when protein-protein associations are disrupted, but(More)
The DNA base excision repair pathway is responsible for removal of oxidative and endogenous DNA base damage in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. This pathway involves formation of an apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) site in the DNA, which is further processed to restore the integrity of the DNA. In Escherichia coli it has been suggested that the major mode of(More)
Uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG) is an essential enzyme for maintaining genomic integrity. Here we describe a UDG from the extreme thermophile Archaeoglobus fulgidus. The enzyme is a member of a new class of enzymes found in prokaryotes that is distinct from the UDG enzyme found in Escherichia coli, eukaryotes, and DNA-containing viruses. The A. fulgidus UDG is(More)
Uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG) is a ubiquitous enzyme found in eukaryotes and prokaryotes [1][2][3]. This enzyme removes uracil bases that are present in DNA as a result of either deamination of cytosine or misincorporation of dUMP instead of dTMP [4] [5], and it is the primary activity in the DNA base excision repair pathway. Although UDG activities have(More)
DNA deoxyribophosphodiesterase (dRpase) of E. coli catalyzes the release of deoxyribose-phosphate moieties following the cleavage of DNA at an apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) site by either an AP endonuclease or AP lyase. Exonuclease I is a single-strand specific DNA nuclease which affects the expression of recombination and repair pathways in E. coli. We show(More)
The interaction of human heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) with human apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease (HAP1) was demonstrated by coimmunoprecipitation. A combination of HSP70 and HAP1 also caused a shift in the electrophoretic mobility of a DNA fragment containing an apurinic/apyrimidinic site. The functional consequence of the HSP70/HAP1 interaction was a(More)
It was demonstrated previously that a deoxyribophosphodiesterase (dRpase) activity is associated with the DNA repair enzyme exonuclease I, and that this activity is stimulated by the addition of the E. coli single-stranded DNA-binding protein (Ssb). This activity catalyzes the release of deoxyribose-phosphate groups at apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) sites in(More)
Deinococcus radiodurans is the most radioresistant bacterium discovered to date. Recently it has been demonstrated that this organism contains the DNA repair enzyme uracil-DNA glycosylase and an apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) endonuclease that may function as part of a DNA base excision repair pathway. We demonstrate here that a DNA deoxyribophosphodiesterase(More)
The bacteria Escherichia coli contains several exonucleases acting on both double- and single-stranded DNA and in both a 5'-->3' and 3'-->5' direction. These enzymes are involved in replicative, repair and recombination functions. We have identified a new exonuclease found in E.coli, termed exonuclease IX, that acts preferentially on single-stranded DNA as(More)
The E. coli single-stranded binding protein (SSB) has been demonstrated in vitro to be involved in a number of replicative, DNA renaturation, and protective functions. It was shown previously that SSB can interact with exonuclease I to stimulate the hydrolysis of single-stranded DNA. We demonstrate here that E. coli SSB can also enhance the DNA(More)