Margarita Sáiz

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Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) was the first animal virus identified. Since then, FMDV has become a model system in animal virology and a considerable amount of information on its structure, biology and vaccinology has been obtained. However, the disease that this virus produces (FMD) still constitutes one of the main animal health concerns. In this(More)
The 3' end region of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) consists of two distinct elements, a 90 nt untranslated region (3'-NCR) and a poly(A) tract. Removal of either the poly(A) tract or both the 3'-NCR and the poly(A) tract abrogated infectivity in susceptible cells in the context of a full-length cDNA clone. We have addressed the question of whether the(More)
The 3' noncoding region (NCR) of the genomic picornaviral RNA is believed to contain major cis-acting signals required for negative-strand RNA synthesis. The 3' NCR of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) was studied in the context of a full-length infectious clone in which the genetic element was deleted or exchanged for the equivalent region of a distantly(More)
The untranslated regions (UTRs) of the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) genome contain multiple functional elements. In the 5' UTR, the internal ribosome entry site (IRES) element governs cap-independent translation initiation, whereas the S region is presumably involved in RNA replication. The 3' UTR, composed of two stem-loops and a poly(A) tract, is(More)
Bean common mosaic virus (BCMV) consists of a large number of strains with complex and controversial relationships among them and with other potyviruses that infect legumes. In order to elucidate the BCMV taxonomic pattern and its evolutionary implications, a phylogenetic analysis has been carried out. The analysis of the coat protein gene and 3' non-coding(More)
We constructed foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) mutants bearing independent deletions of the two stem-loop structures predicted in the 3' noncoding region of viral RNA, SL1 and SL2, respectively. Deletion of SL2 was lethal for viral infectivity in cultured cells, while deletion of SL1 resulted in viruses with slower growth kinetics and downregulated(More)
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is the causative agent of a disease that constitutes one of the main animal health concerns, as evidenced by the devastating outbreaks that occurred in different areas of the world over the last few years. In this review, we summarise important features of FMDV, aspects of its interactions with cells and hosts as well as(More)
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) infection induces major changes in the host cell including the shutoff of cellular protein synthesis. Here, protein extracts from FMDV-infected cells have been used to monitor changes in the profile of RNA-binding factors interacting with regulatory regions of the viral RNA. Relevant differences have been detected in the(More)
We assayed the infectivity of naked foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) RNA by direct inoculation of suckling mice. Our results demonstrate that transcripts generated from full-length cDNA clones were infectious, as was virion-extracted RNA. Interestingly, infectious virus could be recovered from a mutant transcript encoding amino acid substitution(More)
A reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) method is presented for the highly sensitive and specific detection of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV). A primer pair flanking a region of the viral polymerase gene (3D) corresponding to the C-terminus of the protein was designed and a single step RT-PCR reaction was developed. The assay allowed the detection of(More)