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Using morphine as a prototype opiate anesthetic, the dispositional changes and cardiovascular effects during hypothermia (30 degrees C) and hyperthermia (40 degrees C) in dogs under isoflurane anesthesia was assessed. Single intravenous bolus injection of 1 mg/kg morphine resulted in a significant and sustained decrease in mean arterial pressure in(More)
In humans, remifentanil anesthesia enhances nociceptive sensitization in the postoperative period. We hypothesized that activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) and the expression of c-Fos, prodynorphin (mRNA), and dynorphin in the spinal cord could participate in the molecular mechanisms underlying postoperative opioid-induced(More)
The development of neuropathic pain is associated with multiple changes in gene expression occurring in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and spinal cord. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether the disruption of CB1 cannabinoid receptor gene modulates the changes induced by neuropathic pain in the expression of mu- (MOR), delta- (DOR) and kappa-opioid(More)
The effect of two commonly used methods to immobilize the animals, viz. tube restrainer and wrapping in a diaper (chux) on the tail flick latency in immersion test, was evaluated in mice using a stimulus temperature of 50 degrees C. The animals were immobilized either in the tube or chux briefly (25-30 sec) during the tail flick measurements. The basal tail(More)
BACKGROUND The management of postoperative pain is suboptimal world-wide. This survey was carried out to determine current management in Spanish hospitals. METHODS Spanish hospitals were divided into two groups: <200 beds (n=346) and >200 beds (n=186). A structured questionnaire was mailed to the heads of the anaesthesiology services of a random sample of(More)
BACKGROUND Remifentanil anesthesia enhances postoperative pain in animals and humans. The authors evaluated the impact of the dose (microg x kg(-1) x min(-1)) and duration of remifentanil infusion, and the effects of a second surgery on postoperative pain sensitization. METHODS Mice received different doses of remifentanil over 30 or 60 min. The authors(More)
UNLABELLED PAIN OUT is a European Commission-funded project aiming at improving postoperative pain management. It combines a registry that can be useful for quality improvement and research using treatment and patient-reported outcome measures. The core of the project is a patient questionnaire-the International Pain Outcomes questionnaire-that comprises(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this prospective, randomized, double-blind study was to compare the block induced by ropivacaine 0.5% with levobupivacaine 0.33% at the recommended dose range in upper limb surgery. These concentrations have provided equivalent block after epidural analgesia. We hypothesized that the block induced by both local anesthetics at clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Opioid-induced delayed hyperalgesia and allodynia have been reported in human and animal models. The authors evaluated the influence of different opioids used during clinical anesthesia on nociceptive sensitivity and incisional pain in mice. The role of the inducible nitric oxide synthase on surgical pain and opioid-induced pronociception also(More)
The antinociception induced by the intraperitoneal coadministration of combinations of paracetamol with the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) diclofenac, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, meloxicam, metamizol, naproxen, nimesulide, parecoxib and piroxicam was studied by isobolographic analysis in the acetic acid abdominal constriction test of mice(More)