Margarita Majem

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BACKGROUND Activating mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor gene (EGFR) confer hypersensitivity to the tyrosine kinase inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. We evaluated the feasibility of large-scale screening for EGFR mutations in such patients and analyzed the association between the(More)
BACKGROUND Despite recent advances in the treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer, there remains a need for effective treatments for progressive disease. We assessed the efficacy of pembrolizumab for patients with previously treated, PD-L1-positive, advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. METHODS We did this randomised, open-label, phase 2/3 study(More)
The discovery of mutated oncogenes has opened up a new era for the development of more effective treatments for non-small cell lung cancer patients (NSCLC) harbouring EGFR mutations. However, patients with EGFR-activating mutation ultimately develop acquired resistance (AR). Several studies have identified some of the mechanisms involved in the development(More)
BACKGROUND Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is a frequent presentation of malignancies involving the mediastinum and can seriously compromise treatment options and prognosis. Stenting of superior vena cava is a well-known but not so commonly used technique to alleviate this syndrome. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between August 1993 and December 2000 we(More)
PURPOSE Advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations (deletion in exon 19 or L858R) show an impressive progression-free survival of 14 months when treated with erlotinib. However, the presence of EGFR mutations can only imperfectly predict outcome. We hypothesized that progression-free(More)
Genetic variants in DNA repair genes may play a role in the effectiveness of platinum-based chemotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We analyzed 17 SNPs in eight genes (ERCC1, ERCC2, ERCC3, ERCC4, ERCC5, XPA, XRCC1 and XRCC2) involved in DNA repair mechanisms and its association with outcome in NSCLC. This prospective study included patients with(More)
PURPOSE Concomitant genetic alterations could account for transient clinical responses to tyrosine kinase inhibitors of the EGF receptor (EGFR) in patients harboring activating EGFR mutations. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We have evaluated the impact of pretreatment somatic EGFR T790M mutations, TP53 mutations, and Bcl-2 interacting mediator of cell death(More)
PURPOSE TP53 mutations in early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may be associated with worse survival but their prognostic role in advanced NSCLC is controversial. In addition, it remains unclear whether mutated patients represent a clinically homogeneous group. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We retrospectively examined TP53 mutations and outcome in a(More)
PURPOSE This study analyzes the results of a follow-up policy in colorectal cancer at our institution and evaluates the possible benefit provided by each test performed. PATIENTS AND METHODS Six hundred nineteen patients who had radical surgery and adjuvant treatment for colorectal cancer were followed up with a protocol that included carcinoembryonic(More)
BACKGROUND Osimertinib (AZD9291) is an oral, potent, irreversible EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitor selective for EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitor sensitising mutations, and the EGFR Thr790Met resistance mutation. We assessed the efficacy and safety of osimertinib in patients with EGFR Thr790Met-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), who had progressed(More)