Margarita L. Miroshnichenko

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A thermophilic, anaerobic, piezophilic, chemo-organotrophic sulfur-reducing bacterium, designated as KA3T, was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal chimney sample collected at a depth of 2630 m on the East-Pacific Rise (13 degrees N). When grown under elevated hydrostatic pressure, the cells are rod-shaped with a sheath-like outer structure, motile, have a(More)
A novel moderately thermophilic, microaerobic to anaerobic, chemolithoautotrophic bacterium, designated strain CRT, was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent site at 36 degrees N on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Cells were Gram-negative, non-motile rods. The organism grew at 45-65 degrees C and pH 6.5-7.4, with optimum growth at 55 degrees C and pH 6.9-7.1.(More)
A novel thermophilic, microaerophilic, facultatively chemolithoheterotrophic bacterium designated strain TR(T) was isolated from a sample of a deep-sea hydrothermal chimney collected at the Rainbow vent field on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (36 degrees 14'N). Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, non-motile rods occurred singly or in pairs. The organism grew in the(More)
A novel, moderately thermophilic, strictly anaerobic, mixotrophic bacterium, designated strain LF13T, was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal chimney sample that was collected at a vent site at 14 degrees 45' N, 44 degrees 59' W on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Cells were Gram-negative, thin, non-motile rods of variable length. Strain LF13T grew optimally at pH(More)
Two strains of thermophilic, anaerobic, chemolithoautotrophic bacteria, designated JR(T) and DR, were isolated from hydrothermal samples collected on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge from the Rainbow (36 degrees 16' N, 33 degrees 54' W) and Menez Gwen (37 degrees 50' N, 31 degrees 50' W) vent fields, respectively. Cells of both isolates were short, straight- to(More)
A novel, strictly anaerobic, thermophilic sulfur-reducing bacterium, strain 525T, was isolated from tubes of the deep-sea hydrothermal vent polychaete Alvinella pompejana, collected on the East Pacific Rise (13 degrees N). This organism grew in the temperature range 37-68 degrees C, the optimum being 53 degrees C, and in the pH range 6.4-7.4, the optimum(More)
A novel moderately thermophilic, organotrophic, microaerophilic, facultatively chemolithotrophic bacterium, designated strain 506(T), was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent site at 13 degrees N in the East Pacific Rise. Cells were Gram-negative, non-motile rods. The organism grew in the temperature range 40-68 degrees C, with an optimum at 60(More)
Activity measurements by radioisotopic methods and cultural and molecular approaches were used in parallel to investigate the microbial biodiversity and its physiological potential in formation waters of the Samotlor high-temperature oil reservoir (Western Siberia, Russia). Sulfate reduction with rates not exceeding 20 nmol of H(2)S liter(-1) day(-1)(More)
Two extremely thermophilic archaea, designated W-12 and P-4, were isolated from a geothermal vent in the tidal zone of Whale Island, New Zealand, and from geothermally heated bottom deposits of the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand, respectively. Cells of isolate W-12 are irregular cocci, 0.3-1.2 microns in diameter, motile with polar flagella. The cell envelope(More)
Three strictly anaerobic, thermophilic bacteria (SL31T, SL30 and MLM39636) were isolated from a deep continental oil reservoir in Western Siberia (Russia). Following the mid-exponential phase of growth, the non-motile rod-shaped organisms were surrounded by a sheath-like structure. As DNA-DNA hybridizations showed that these strains were highly related(More)