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An extremely thermophilic, strictly anaerobic, facultatively chemolithoautotrophic bacterium designated strain DS(T) was isolated from Treshchinnyi Spring, one of the hottest springs of the Uzon Caldera (Kamchatka, Russia). Cells of the novel organism were Gram-negative rods, about 1.0-1.2 microm long and 0.5 microm wide. The temperature range for growth(More)
A novel moderately thermophilic, microaerobic to anaerobic, chemolithoautotrophic bacterium, designated strain CRT, was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent site at 36 degrees N on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Cells were Gram-negative, non-motile rods. The organism grew at 45-65 degrees C and pH 6.5-7.4, with optimum growth at 55 degrees C and pH 6.9-7.1.(More)
A thermophilic, anaerobic, piezophilic, chemo-organotrophic sulfur-reducing bacterium, designated as KA3T, was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal chimney sample collected at a depth of 2630 m on the East-Pacific Rise (13 degrees N). When grown under elevated hydrostatic pressure, the cells are rod-shaped with a sheath-like outer structure, motile, have a(More)
Three strictly anaerobic, thermophilic bacteria (SL31T, SL30 and MLM39636) were isolated from a deep continental oil reservoir in Western Siberia (Russia). Following the mid-exponential phase of growth, the non-motile rod-shaped organisms were surrounded by a sheath-like structure. As DNA-DNA hybridizations showed that these strains were highly related(More)
New thermoacidophilic organisms that were able to grow anaerobically on starch were isolated from the acidic hot springs of Kamchatka. Strain 1904T, isolated from a hot spring of the Moutnovski volcano, was characterized in detail. Its cells were regular or irregular cocci that were 1-2 microm in diameter, non-motile, and had a cell envelope consisting of(More)
Bourlyashchy is the largest and hottest pool in the Uzon Caldera, located in the territory of Kronotsky Nature Reserve, Kamchatka, Russia, with sediment surface temperatures at the margins ranging from 86 to 97 °C, and pH from 6.0 to 7.0. The microbial communities of the pool water and sediments were studied comprehensively from 2005 to 2014. Radioisotopic(More)
A novel anaerobic, extremely thermophilic, facultatively chemolithoautotrophic bacterium designated strain SR(T) was isolated from a terrestrial hot spring in Kamchatka (Russia). The cells of the novel strain were spore-forming rods with a Gram-positive type of cell wall. The novel isolate grew at 60-82 degrees C (optimum 75 degrees C) and pH 6.0-7.5(More)
Thermococcus species are widely distributed in terrestrial and marine hydrothermal areas, as well as in deep subsurface oil reservoirs. Thermococcus sibiricus is a hyperthermophilic anaerobic archaeon isolated from a well of the never flooded oil-bearing Jurassic horizon of a high-temperature oil reservoir. To obtain insight into the genome of an archaeon(More)
A novel, moderately thermophilic, strictly anaerobic, mixotrophic bacterium, designated strain LF13T, was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal chimney sample that was collected at a vent site at 14 degrees 45' N, 44 degrees 59' W on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Cells were Gram-negative, thin, non-motile rods of variable length. Strain LF13T grew optimally at pH(More)
A novel anaerobic, moderately thermophilic, spore-forming bacterium, designated strain BRT, was isolated from deep-sea hydrothermal core samples collected at the Rainbow vent field on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (36 degrees 14' N 33 degrees 54' W). The cells were found to be rod-shaped, non-motile, Gram-positive and spore-forming. The organism grew in the(More)