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Fibrillarin and the plant nucleolin homolog NopA64 are two important nucleolar proteins involved in pre-rRNA processing. In order to determine the effects of the altered gravity environment on the nucleolus, we have investigated the location of fibrillarin and NopA64 in nucleolar subcomponents of cress (Lepidium sativum L.) root meristematic cells grown(More)
We report that tumor cells without mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) show delayed tumor growth, and that tumor formation is associated with acquisition of mtDNA from host cells. This leads to partial recovery of mitochondrial function in cells derived from primary tumors grown from cells without mtDNA and a shorter lag in tumor growth. Cell lines from circulating(More)
RNA polymerase I (Pol I) transcription is essential for the cell cycle, growth and protein synthesis in eukaryotes. In the present study, we found that phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) is a part of the protein complex on the active ribosomal promoter during transcription. PIP2 makes a complex with Pol I and the Pol I transcription factor UBF in(More)
Using quantitative evaluation of immuno-gold labeling and antigen content, we evaluated various automated freeze-substitution protocols used in preparation of biological samples for immunoelectron microscopy. Protein extraction from cryoimmobilized cells was identified as a critical point during the freeze-substitution. The loss of antigens (potentially(More)
In this study we present an optimized method of high-pressure freezing and automated freeze-substitution of cultured human cells, followed by LR White embedding, for subsequent immunolabeling. Also, the influence of various conditions of the freeze-substitution procedures such as temperature, duration, and additives in the substitution medium on the(More)
The best available approach of biological sample preparation for transmission electron microscopy currently includes cryoimmobilization by high-pressure freezing (HPF) followed by freeze-substitution (FS). This method has been well established for interphase cells; however, a reliable and easy procedure is still missing for mitotic cells especially because(More)
To maintain growth and division, cells require a large-scale production of rRNAs which occurs in the nucleolus. Recently, we have shown the interaction of nucleolar phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) with proteins involved in rRNA transcription and processing, namely RNA polymerase I (Pol I), UBF, and fibrillarin. Here we extend the study by(More)
Fibrillarin is an essential protein that is well known as a molecular marker of transcriptionally active RNA polymerase I. Fibrillarin methyltransferase activity is the primary known source of methylation for more than 100 methylated sites involved in the first steps of preribosomal processing and required for structural ribosome stability. High expression(More)
The nucleolar protein 2 gene encodes a protein specific for the nucleolus. It is assumed that it plays a role in the synthesis of ribosomes and regulation of the cell cycle. Due to its link to cell proliferation, higher expression of Nop2 indicates a worse tumor prognosis. In this work we used Nop2(gt1gaj) gene trap mouse strain. While lethality of(More)
The changes in the fundamental biological processes of nuclear RNA transcription and splicing under altered gravity conditions are still unclear. The quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the proteins involved in nuclear RNA metabolism in control and under clinorotation were investigated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. We revealed firstly(More)