Margarida Matos de Mendonça

Learn More
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), which inhibits NO synthase, is inactivated by N(G),N(G)-dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH). We tested whether DDAH-1 or -2 regulates serum ADMA (S(ADMA)) and/or endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF)/NO. Small inhibitory (si)RNAs targeting DDAH-1 or -2, or an siRNA control were given intravenously to rats.(More)
β-Glucans of Agaricus brasiliensis fruiting bodies in different stages of maturity were isolated and characterized by FTIR and NMR. These fractions had greater amount of (1→6)-β-glucan and the (1→3)-β-glucan increased with fruiting bodies maturation. Yields of β-glucans increased from 42 mg β-glucans  g−1 fruiting bodies (dry wt) in immature stage to 43 mg(More)
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) exhibits angiotensin II (Ang II)-dependent oxidative stress and reduced efficiency of renal oxygen usage (QO2) for tubular sodium transport (TNa). We tested the hypothesis that oxidative stress determines the reduced TNa:QO2 ratio in the clipped kidney of the early 2-kidney, 1-clip (2K,1C) Ang II-dependent model. One(More)
The angiotensin II (Ang II) slow-pressor response entails an increase in mean arterial pressure and reactive oxygen species. We used double-stranded interfering RNAs (siRNAs) in Sprague Dawley rats in vivo to test the hypothesis that an increase in the p22phox component of NADPH oxidase is required for this response. Reactive oxygen species were assessed(More)
Santa Catarina state is the largest producer of apples in Brazil. Soils in this region have low pH and high levels of aluminum and manganese, requiring high inputs of fertilizers and amendments increasing costs of apple production. Inoculation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi can improve the establishment of micropropagated apple plants in such adverse soil(More)
OBJECTIVE Pain exacerbated by movement and loading on the joint is the major symptom of osteoarthritis (OA), but the mechanisms of chronic pain in this pathology are still poorly understood. Using the intra-articular (i.a.) injection of collagenase in the knee of rats as a model of OA, we aimed at evaluating whether injury of sensory neurons may contribute(More)
Acute intravenous Tempol reduces mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) in spontaneously hypertensive rats. We investigated the hypothesis that the antihypertensive action depends on generation of hydrogen peroxide, activation of heme oxygenase, glutathione peroxidase or potassium conductances, nitric oxide synthase, and/or the peripheral or(More)
Agaricus subrufescens is one of the most important fungi produced biotechnologically in Brazil. After subculture, it shows a reduction in mycelial growth and difficulties with recovery. Hence, it is important to establish preservation and recovery techniques for its maintenance. Mycelium on a solid medium supplemented with activated charcoal (AC; technique(More)
The influence of the extracellular pH on the radiosensitivity of human glial cells and Chinese hamster ovary cells was examined. The period of low pH varied from 0 to 96 hours in glial cells and from 0 to 48 hours in Chinese hamster cells. Maintenance of low pH after a dose of 10 Gy for at least 24 hours for glial cells and at least 6 hours for Chinese(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) decrease the glomerular filtration rate and renal blood flow in the clipped kidneys of early 2-kidney, 1-clip Goldblatt hypertensive rats, but the consequences for oxygenation are unclear. We investigated the hypothesis that angiotensin II type 1 or angiotensin II type 2 receptors or NO synthase mediate renal(More)