Margarett S Parker

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ATP functions as a neurotransmitter and a neuromodulator in various tissues by acting on metabotropic (P2Y) and ionotropic (P2X) receptors. Evidence suggests that ATP activates P2X receptors on several cell types in the organ of Corti of guinea pig including outer hair cells (OHCs), Deiters' cells, Hensen's cells, pillar cells and inner hair cells (IHCs).(More)
ATP has been suggested to act as a neurotransmitter or a neuromodulator in the cochlea. The responses to ATP in different cell types of the cochlea vary in terms of the rate of desensitization and magnitude, suggesting that there may be different subtypes of P2X receptors distributed in the cochlea. Recently three ionotropic P2X(2) receptor splice variants,(More)
Cochleae of guinea pigs were evaluated for the presence of the metabotropic receptor, P2Y4. Evidence is presented that P2Y4 protein is expressed in the guinea pig cochleae using Western blot analysis. A single protein band of 35 kDa was detected with P2Y4 receptor-specific antibody. The cellular distribution of P2Y4 purinoceptor protein was determined by(More)
Intra-amniotic inoculation of influenza C virus resulted in observable and quantitatively measurable changes in the Purkinje cells of chick embryo cerebellum. Purkinje cells were visualized by the Golgi-Cox procedure and prepared for statistical and computer evaluation from camera lucida drawings. Four computer-generated measurements (the area of the(More)
Thapsigargin, a drug that inhibits sarco-endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPases (SERCAs), was infused into the perilymph compartment of the guinea pig cochlea in increasing concentrations (0.1-10 microM) while sound evoked cochlear potentials were monitored. Thapsigargin significantly suppressed the compound action potential of the auditory nerve, cochlear(More)
A growing body of evidence indicates that extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) may have a major role in cochlear function. Antagonists of ionotropic ATP receptors (P2X2) have significant effects on cochlear potentials and distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs). We tested whether antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) would mimic the(More)
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