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Thromboembolic adverse reactions reported after transfusion of SD-plasma in the United States (US) prompted us to perform a comparative study with SD-plasma from the US and the European (EU) market. In SD-plasma from US, residual tri-N-butyl phosphate was found, and citrate concentrations were lower than in EU-plasma. Except for substantial losses of FV,(More)
Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) is an at present inevitably lethal neurodegenerative disease which can only be diagnosed definitely post mortem. The majority of the approximately 200 victims to date have resided in the UK where most contaminated beef materials entered the food chain. Three cases in the UK demonstrated that vCJD can be transmitted(More)
BACKGROUND Mandatory nucleic acid test (NAT) blood screening was introduced in Germany in 1999 for hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA and in 2004 for human immunodeficiency virus Type 1 (HIV-1) RNA. Minimal sensitivity limits of 5000 IU HCV RNA/mL and 10,000 IU HIV-1 RNA/mL were defined for the individual donation facilitating testing of minipools (MPs). The NAT(More)
During a survey of four month's duration the following parameters were determined in 43 healthy blood donors (22 males, 21 females; mean age 29 years/20-49/): plasminogen activity, plasminogen concentration, alpha 2-antiplasmin (alpha 2-AP) activity, alpha 2-AP concentration, tissue type plasminogen activator (t-PA) activity, t-PA concentration, plasminogen(More)
BACKGROUND Five cases of human immunodeficiency virus Type 1 (HIV-1) RNA-positive blood donations are described that escaped detection by three different CE-marked nucleic acid amplification technique (NAT) screening assays. These events were associated with two HIV-1 transmissions to recipients of blood components. The implicated NAT assays are monotarget(More)
BACKGROUND Several publications describe HIV-1 RNA false-negative results or viral load underquantitation associated with Communauté Européenne(CE)-marked qualitative or quantitative nucleic acid amplification technique (NAT) assays. 6 cases occurred during blood screening in Germany, with 2 of them causing HIV-1 transmissions to recipients of blood(More)
Fresh frozen plasma (FFP) contains higher levels of intact coagulation factors and coagulation and fibrinolysis inhibitors than solvent/detergent-treated plasma (SD plasma), and also greater residual cell contamination. SD plasma is a particle-free plasma of uniform quality. SD treatment, however, has the specific result of reducing the activities of some(More)
Tissue factor (TF), the transmembrane receptor for factor VIIa (FVIIa), has key regulatory functions in coagulation as well as in tumour progression and metastasis. Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) metastasises more aggressively than non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Previously, we described the transition of SCLC cell line H69 to adherent growth and TF(More)
It is a long-known principle that tumour cells tend to exploit the host's physiologic systems in order to get support in terms of, for example, nutrition, growth or metastasis. One of these physiologic systems is the blood coagulation cascade, which has been found activated in many tumour patients. The mechanisms of the activation of coagulation have been(More)