Margareth Martino

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Patients who are undergoing endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) for suspected pancreatic tumors frequently undergo endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for palliation of their symptoms. Performing EUS-FNA and ERCP in tandem may be cost-effective and may reduce procedure time, but the potential risks associated with(More)
Laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) has been recently applied to pancreas in animal models for ablation purpose. Assessment of thermal effects due to the laser-pancreatic tissue interaction is a critical factor in validating the procedure feasibility and safety. A mathematical model based on bioheat equation and its experimental assessment was(More)
BACKGROUND Laser ablation with a neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser can achieve a high rate of complete tissue necrosis and has been applied as a minimally invasive, palliative option in hepatocellular carcinoma, liver metastasis in colorectal cancer, and malignant thyroid nodules. OBJECTIVE To assess the in vivo feasibility of EUS-guided(More)
BACKGROUND Laser ablation (LA) with a neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser is a minimally invasive approach able to achieve a high rate of complete tissue necrosis. In a previous study we described the feasibility of EUS-guided Nd:YAG pancreas LA performed in vivo in a porcine model. OBJECTIVE To establish the best laser setting of(More)
This study aims to develop and verify a theoretical model to reproduce the thermal response of pancreatic tissue undergone Laser Induced Interstitial Thermotherapy (LITT). The model provides the evaluation of: a) ablated volumes induced by thermal ablation; b) tissue response time to irradiation; and c) heat extinction time. Theoretical volume values were(More)
Tumors of the papilla of Vater are rare, with a prevalence of 0.04%±0.12% reported in autopsy studies. They may occur as sporadic lesions or in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis. Histologically, the malignant transformation of benign adenomas to carcinomas has been documented. The reported frequency of malignancy in an adenoma of the papillae(More)
Laser interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) is a minimally invasive technique used to thermally destroy tumour cells. Being based on hyperthermia, LITT outcome depends on the temperature distribution inside the tissue. Recently, CT scan thermometry, based on the dependence of the CT number (HU) on tissue temperature (T) has been introduced during LITT; it is an(More)
Temperature distribution T(x,y,z,t) in tissue undergoing Laser-induced Interstitial Thermotherapy (LITT) plays a crucial role on treatment outcome. Theoretical and experimental assessment of temperature on ex vivo laser-irradiated pancreas is presented. The aim of this work is to assess the influence of thermometers dimensions on temperature measures during(More)