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This study aimed at investigating the neural correlates of a number-size congruity task. Using an event-related fMRI design, we presented one-digit number pairs to 17 participants in a number-size interference task that required subjects to focus on one stimulus property (e.g., numerical size) and to ignore the other (physical size). In different blocks,(More)
The present functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study investigates modifications of brain activation patterns related to the training of two different arithmetic operations, multiplication and subtraction. Healthy young adults were trained in five sessions to answer multiplication and subtraction problems. In the following fMRI session, trained and(More)
A better understanding of learning processes in arithmetic in healthy adults can guide research into learning disabilities such as dyscalculia. The goal of the present functional magnetic resonance imaging study was to investigate the ongoing process of learning itself. No training was provided prior to the scanning session. Training consisted in a higher(More)
Neuroimaging studies have revealed a strong link between mental calculation and the angular gyrus (AG) which has been interpreted to reflect arithmetic fact retrieval. Moreover, a stronger AG activation in individuals with higher mathematical competence has been reported. The present fMRI study investigates the specificity of the AG for arithmetic fact(More)
Recent neuroimaging studies have reported structural and functional brain abnormalities in patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME), which may also involve cortical and subcortical networks that are important for decision making. This study is the first attempt to examine decision making in JME. Twenty-two patients with JME (median age 26.00, range(More)
Recent imaging studies could show that fact acquisition in arithmetic is associated with decreasing activation in several frontal and parietal areas, and relatively increasing activation within the angular gyrus, indicating a switch from direct calculation to retrieval of a learned fact from memory. So far, however, little is known about the transfer of(More)
Basal ganglia lesions have a high prevalence for associated behavioural impairments. However, the exact pattern of cognitive impairments and its relationship to individual basal ganglia lesion have rarely been investigated by means of a detailed neuropsychological and lesion study. Furthermore, different mechanisms have been proposed as relevant for the(More)
Recently, left spatial neglect phenomena have been reported for the mental representation of numbers, i.e. the mental number line (Zorzi et al., 2002; Vuilleumier et al., 2004). The present study aimed at replicating the findings of Zorzi et al. (2002) in a number bisection task with small numbers and at extending the investigation to larger numbers up to(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to investigate whether patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) present difficulties in making decisions under ambiguity and under risk. METHODS Performance of MCI patients in the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) and in the Probability-Associated Gambling Task-Revised (PAG-R) was compared with performance of healthy aging peers.(More)
Noninvasive brain stimulation has shown considerable promise for enhancing cognitive functions by the long-term manipulation of neuroplasticity. However, the observation of such improvements has been focused at the behavioral level, and enhancements largely restricted to the performance of basic tasks. Here, we investigate whether transcranial random noise(More)