Margaretann M Halleck

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Organic thiols are toxic to eukaryotic cells. Treatment of cells with thiols activates expression of grp78, but it is not known if, like other forms of stress, there is a battery of stress response genes that are induced by thiols. In LLC-PK1 renal epithelial cells, mRNAs for both grp78 and gadd153 were induced by thiols with similar time, concentration and(More)
Activation of gene expression is one of the earliest cellular responses to toxicity. However, our understanding of the biological and biochemical signals that activate these toxicant-responsive genes as well as the consequences of gene activation to survival of the organism remains sketchy. In this article, strategies that can be used to link changes in(More)
trans-4,5-Dihydroxy-1,2-dithiane, the intramolecular disulfide form of dithiothreitol (DTTox) transcriptionally activates the stress-responsive genes gadd153(chop) and grp78. Herein, we used a renal epithelial cell line, LLC-PK1, to investigate the mechanism(s) whereby DTTox activates a molecular stress response. DTTox activated both grp78 and gadd153(More)
The discovery that 3-hydroxy-3-methyglutaryl coenzyme A reductase was a rate-determining step in the biosynthesis of cholesterol led to the discovery of inhibitors of this enzyme. To support the development of these agents (statins) as potential hypocholesterolemic drugs, a variety of preclinical studies were conducted in several animal species. Not(More)
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