Margareta Kjellberg

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Activated protein C (APC) is a serine proteinase that regulates blood coagulation. In plasma it is inhibited mainly by the protein C inhibitor (PCI). The plasma concentrations of APC-PCI complex is increased in hypercoagulative states such as deep venous thrombosis. Formation of the APC-PCI complex induces a drastic conformational change in PCI that exposes(More)
Oral administration of high dosages of the dithiocarbamate pesticides maneb and mancozeb was teratogenic in rats but not in mice. The malformations, severe limb and craniofacial defects, were pronounced after maneb treatment but less so after mancozeb and propineb, zinc-containing compounds. The teratogenic effect of maneb was progressively reduced by(More)
Protein C inhibitor (PCI) is a serine protease inhibitor, displaying broad protease specificity, found in blood and other tissues. In blood, it is capable of inhibiting both procoagulant and anticoagulant proteases. Mechanisms that provide specificity to PCI remain largely unrevealed. In this study we have for the first time provided a full explanation for(More)
Protein C inhibitor (PCI) is a member of the serpin family that has many biological functions. In blood it acts as a procoagulant, and, in the seminal vesicles, it is required for spermatogenesis. The activity of PCI is affected by heparin binding in a manner unique among the heparin binding serpins, and, in addition, PCI binds hydrophobic hormones with(More)
A high-affinity monoclonal antibody (M27), raised against the human thrombin-antithrombin complex, has been identified and characterized. The epitope recognized by M27 was located to the linear sequence FIREVP (residues 411-416), located in the C-terminal cleavage peptide of antithrombin. This region overlaps, by two residues, the putative binding site of(More)
Protein C inhibitor (PCI) is a multifunctional serpin with wide ranging protease inhibitory functions, unique cofactor binding activities, and potential non-inhibitory functions akin to the hormone-transporting serpins. To gain insight into the molecular mechanisms utilized by PCI we developed a robust expression system in Escherichia coli and solved the(More)
Antithrombin (AT), a member of the serine protease inhibitor family, is the key regulator of thrombin activity in vivo. Thrombin inhibition is accomplished by the formation of covalent thrombin-AT (TAT) complex. The rate of inhibition is accelerated by heparin, which also leads to the formation of a substantial amount of cleaved AT. We produced a murine(More)
BETA-microseminoprotein (MSP), a 10 kDa protein in human seminal plasma, binds human cysteine-rich secretory protein-3 (CRISP-3) with high affinity. CRISP-3 is a member of the family of CRISPs, which are widespread among animals. In this work we show that human as well as porcine MSP binds catrin, latisemin, pseudecin, and triflin, which are CRISPs present(More)
Protein C inhibitor, a serine proteinase inhibitor (serpin), is the physiologically most important inhibitor of activated protein C. We have made a monoclonal antibody (M36) that binds with equally high affinity to an epitope present in activated protein C-protein C inhibitor complexes and cleaved loop-inserted protein C inhibitor. Insertion of a synthetic(More)
The concentration of the complex between activated protein C and the protein C inhibitor reflects the degree of activation of blood coagulation. A sandwich method has been devised that measures the complex concentration in blood plasma. A key feature of the method is that the catching monoclonal antibody recognizes a complex-dependent neoepitope in PCI,(More)