Margaret W Ghilchik

Learn More
Palpable breast cysts with an apocrine epithelial lining (type 1) are reported to be associated with a higher risk of developing breast cancer. The composition of breast cyst fluid (BCF) might include those factors involved in this increased risk. In this study peptidase activities that were active against the substrate [125I]metenkephalin-Arg-Phe were(More)
Steroid sulphatase (STS) catalyzes the conversion of oestrone sulphate (E1S) to oestrone (E1) and its action in breast tumours makes a major contribution to in situ oestrogen production in this tissue. Although expression of STS mRNA and STS activity are increased in malignant breast tissues compared with that in non-malignant tissues, little is known about(More)
Infusions of isotopically labeled [3H] androstenedione with measurement of [3H] estrone in normal breast and breast tumor tissue have been carried out in an attempt to determine the contribution that aromatization makes to the estrogen content of breast tissues. After infusion of [3H] androstenedione for 12h there was significant uptake of this steroid by(More)
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and cytokines, such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) or tumour necrosis factor a (TNFalpha) can regulate aromatase activity. In the present study we have compared their abilities to stimulate aromatase activity in fibroblasts derived from 'normal' breast adipose tissue proximal to a tumour or breast tumours. PGE2, TNFalpha and IL-6 plus its(More)
The aromatase complex has a key role in regulating oestrogen formation in normal and malignant breast tissues. Using dexamethasone-treated fibroblasts, derived from breast tumours, breast tumour cytosol and breast tumour-derived conditioned medium (CM) markedly stimulate aromatase activity. The cytokine, interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been identified as a factor(More)
The effect of treatment with the aromatase inhibitor, 4-hydroxyandrostenedione (4-OHA) on the peripheral conversion of androstenedione to estrone has been examined in eight postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer. Before treatment conversion of androstenedione to estrone ([p]AEIBB) ranged from 0.81 to 3.7% and was almost completely inhibited after(More)
Cytokines such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha), have been identified as important regulators of aromatase activity in fibroblasts derived from normal and malignant breast tissues, and may play an important role in controlling aromatase activity in breast tumours. The major source of such cytokines within breast tumours(More)
Interleukin 6 (IL-6) and its soluble receptor (IL-6sR) can markedly stimulate aromatase activity in cultured fibroblasts derived from normal or malignant breast tissues. IL-6 acts by binding to a low-affinity membrane-spanning receptor (IL-6R), which must associate with a high-affinity receptor (gp130) for signal transduction to occur. Sant 7 is a mutated(More)
Oestradiol 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (E2DH) is present in normal and malignant breast tissues and regulates the interconversion of oestrone and the biologically active oestrogen, oestradiol. Studies we have previously carried out have indicated that concentrations of oestradiol and the conversion of oestrone to oestradiol are higher in breast(More)
Synthesis of oestrone from androstenedione within tumours, by the aromatase enzyme complex, is an important source of oestrogen that is available to support the growth of hormone-dependent breast tumours. In view of the central role that the aromatase enzyme has in oestrogen synthesis there has been considerable interest in understanding its regulation and(More)