Margaret W Ghilchik

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The effect of conditioned medium from human breast fibroblasts on growth and 17β-estradiol dehydrogenase (E2DH) activity of the MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line has been investigated. Fibroblasts were derived from normal and tumorous (benign and malignant) breast tissue. Conditioned medium from normal derived fibroblasts inhibited the growth of MCF-7(More)
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and cytokines, such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) or tumour necrosis factor a (TNFalpha) can regulate aromatase activity. In the present study we have compared their abilities to stimulate aromatase activity in fibroblasts derived from 'normal' breast adipose tissue proximal to a tumour or breast tumours. PGE2, TNFalpha and IL-6 plus its(More)
Steroid sulphatase (STS) catalyzes the conversion of oestrone sulphate (E1S) to oestrone (E1) and its action in breast tumours makes a major contribution to in situ oestrogen production in this tissue. Although expression of STS mRNA and STS activity are increased in malignant breast tissues compared with that in non-malignant tissues, little is known about(More)
The aromatase enzyme complex, which regulates the conversion of androstenedione to estrone, may have an important role in regulating estrogen synthesis in breast tissues. In this study the effect of tumor location on aromatase activity in adjacent tissue was examined and related to interleukin-6 (IL-6) production, which has been shown to stimulate aromatase(More)
AIMS There is a growing body of evidence that cyclo-oxygenase 2 (COX-2) plays an important role in carcinogenesis and angiogenesis of human tumours. The present study aims to compare COX-2 expression in human breast cancer and adjacent non-cancerous tissue (ANCT), and to identify any correlation between COX-2 and VEGF expression. METHODS Total cellular(More)
Gross cystic breast disease is a common benign disease which may be associated with an increased risk for breast cancer. Breast cyst fluid (BCF) contains many steroids, peptide growth factors and proteins. We have now identified interleukin-1 (IL-1) and IL-6 in BCF by specific radioimmunoassays. Concentrations of IL-1 were similar in BCF with low or high(More)
The aromatase complex has a key role in regulating oestrogen formation in normal and malignant breast tissues. Using dexamethasone-treated fibroblasts, derived from breast tumours, breast tumour cytosol and breast tumour-derived conditioned medium (CM) markedly stimulate aromatase activity. The cytokine, interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been identified as a factor(More)
The aromatase enzyme, which converts androstenedione to oestrone, regulates the availability of oestrogen to support the growth of hormone-dependent breast tumours. Cytokines, such as interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) or prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), can stimulate aromatase activity. These factors may originate from cells of(More)
Angiosarcoma of the breast is an uncommon neoplasm but coincident angiosarcoma with infiltrating ductal carcinoma is not yet reported. This paper describes a case of angiosarcoma which developed after 4 years of a wide excision and adjuvant radiotherapy for a ductal carcinoma of the breast. Due to latent period of only 4 years radiotherapy cannot be blamed(More)
The effect of epidermal growth factor (EGF), transforming growth factor (TGF alpha) and breast tumour homogenates on oestradiol 17 beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (E2DH) activity has been examined using cultured human breast adipose tissue. EGF (100-1000 ng/ml) inhibited E2DH activity (E1----E2) in a dose dependent manner. TGF alpha (250 and 500 ng/ml)(More)