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OBJECTIVE We tested a theoretical stress model cross-sectionally and prospectively that examined whether relationships of chronic stress, psychophysiology, and coronary heart disease (CHD) varied in older adult men (N = 47), older adult women not using hormone replacement therapy (HRT) (N = 64), and older adult women using HRT (N = 41). METHOD Structural(More)
It was previously shown that red blood cells release ATP when blood oxygen tension decreases. ATP acts on microvascular endothelial cells to produce a retrograde conducted vasodilation (presumably via gap junctions) to the upstream arteriole. These observations form the basis for an ATP hypothesis of local metabolic control of coronary blood flow due to(More)
The onset of melatonin secretion under dim light conditions (DLMO) and the circadian temperature rhythm during a constant routine were assessed in 6 female controls and 6 female patients with winter depression (seasonal affective disorder, SAD) before and after bright light treatment. After sleep was standardized for 6 days, the subjects were sleep-deprived(More)
In humans, matching of heat loss and heat production in the "neutral" zone, defined operationally in terms of a range of skin temperatures (Tsk), is accomplished by regulation of skin blood flow (SkBF). Our studies were designed to reveal the characteristics of control of SkBF [from measurements of forearm blood flow (FBF)] in this zone. We controlled the(More)
The role of P1 receptors and P2Y1 receptors in coronary vasodilator responses to adenine nucleotides was examined in the isolated guinea pig heart. Bolus arterial injections of nucleotides were made in hearts perfused at constant pressure. Peak increase in flow was measured before and after addition of purinoceptor antagonists. Both the P1 receptor(More)
Circadian temperature, cortisol, and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) rhythms during a constant routine were assessed in 6 female controls and 6 female patients with hypersomnic winter depression (seasonal affective disorder, SAD) before and after morning bright light treatment. After sleep was standardized for 6 days, the subjects were sleep-deprived and(More)
The adenine nucleotide hypothesis postulates that the ATP released from red blood cells is broken down to ADP and AMP in coronary capillaries and that ATP, ADP, and AMP act on purinergic receptors on the surface of capillary endothelial cells. Purinergic receptor activation initiates a retrograde conducted vasodilator signal to the upstream arteriole that(More)
Blood flow in human skin increases enormously in response to direct heating. If local skin temperature is held above 42 degrees C, blood flow eventually stabilizes at a level beyond which other influences, barring change in blood pressure, can produce no further increase. If this maximal level is a reproducible characteristic of an individual's cutaneous(More)
Our objective was to determine whether the chemoreflex from human muscle is elicited by small graded reductions in muscle blood flow (MBF) during mild exercise or whether this reflex has an obvious threshold associated with large changes in femoral venous lactate and H+ levels (i.e., as in dogs with high muscle oxidative capacity). Seven subjects exercised(More)