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There is speculation that etiologic heterogeneity exists among tumors classified as non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), although it is not known whether diet-related associations vary between tumor subgroups. We analyzed data on 1,642 NHL cases and 5,039 controls aged 20 to 74 years from a population-based case-control study conducted in eight Canadian provinces to(More)
We analyzed data from a survey of occupational and other factors in pregnancy to assess the effects of cigarette, alcohol, and coffee consumption on pregnancy outcome. The risk of low birth weight for gestational age was found to increase substantially with smoking. Occasional consumers of alcohol had a slightly reduced risk relative to total abstainers. In(More)
BACKGROUND Animal and human studies have reported an association between antidepressant (AD) medication use and breast cancer risk. A population-based case-control study was designed specifically to examine this association among women in Ontario, Canada. METHODS The Ontario Cancer Registry (OCR) identified women diagnosed with primary breast cancer.(More)
Physical inactivity is linked to risk for cancers of the colon, breast, lung and endometrium, but few data exist on this association with stomach cancer. We evaluated the association between recreational physical activity and incident stomach cancer in a case-control study. The data yielded odds ratios suggestive of approximately 20-40% reduced risk of(More)
Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may play a role in breast cancer prevention; however, breast cancer subtypes and lifestyle/host factors may influence their impact. During 1996-1998 in Canada, the authors examined the association between regular NSAID use (defined as daily use for at least 2 months) and breast cancer risk by estrogen receptor(More)
We analyzed data from a survey of occupational and other factors and pregnancy outcome to assess the effects of cigarette, alcohol, and coffee consumption. There was no evidence of an association between any congenital defect and smoking. Results for alcohol and coffee consumption were largely negative, but there was a weak association with musculoskeletal(More)
Health status is often measured in epidemiologic studies on an ordinal scale, but data of this type are generally reduced for analysis to a single dichotomy. Several statistical models have been developed to make full use of information in ordinal response data, but have not been much used in analyzing epidemiologic studies. The authors discuss two of these(More)
We analyzed data from a survey of occupational factors and pregnancy outcome to examine the effects of cigarette, alcohol, and coffee consumption on pregnancy outcome. Clear and statistically significant associations were found between cigarette and alcohol consumption and spontaneous abortion. There was a weaker but statistically significant association(More)
Evidence suggests hormonal factors may be more strongly associated with estrogen receptor+progesterone receptor+ (ER+PR+) than ER-PR- breast cancer risk. This study evaluated risk factors according to ERPR tumor status among pre- and postmenopausal women participating in two recent population-based case-control studies. Breast cancer cases, ages 25-74(More)
PURPOSE This work provides an empirical assessment of the usefulness of obtaining exposure data from proxy respondents. METHODS Two independent case groups were formed in data from a population-based case-control study. One case set was derived from proxy respondents. The second case series was derived from respondents who self-reported. The second case(More)